TWO FACES OF APRIORISM

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Dva lica apriorizma
Author(s): 
Olga Stoliarova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 4 (Vol. 34)
Pages: 
42-58
Abstract: 

The article compares “formal” and “transcendental” approaches to natural science. It is argued that both 1) scientism of logical positivists and 2) anti-scientism of Neokantians and Husserl are inspired by the common premise, namely by Kant’s anti-metaphysical apriorism. They both are looking for the universal, eternal norms which reason imposes on changeable experience. Thus, they both replace real (changeable) science and its practice with symbolic structures. The question that the author formulates is as follows: is it possible in the framework of these concepts to take into account the factual uniqueness and historical originality of these versions of apriorism themselves?

Keywords: 
historical apriori, history of science, logical positivism, Neokantianism, phenomenology, ontology, epistemology
References: 

Derrida Ž. Vvedenie. È. Gusserl'. Načalo geometrii. Moscow, 1996. 

Friedman M. The Re-evaluation ofLogical Positivism.Journal of Philosophy. 1991. no. 88. P. 505–523.

Friedman M. Ernst Cassirer and thePhilosophyofScience.Continental Philosophy of Science; G. Gutting (ed.). Oxford, 2005. P. 71–83.

Friedman M. Science, History, and Transcendental Subjectivity in Husserl’s Crisis. Science and theLife-world: Essays on Husserl’s Crisis of European Sciences; D.Hyder, H.J. Rheinberger(eds.). Stanford University Press, 2010. 

Friedman M. Dynamics of Reason. Stanford : CSLI Publications, 2001.

Frojdental' G. Otsutstvujuščij centr filosofii Kassirera: homo faber in abstraction. Filosofija i kul'tura. 2010. no. 1(37). 

Gajdenko P.P. Naučnaja racional'nost' i filosofskij razum. Moscow, 2003.

Gusserl' È. Krizis evropejskix nauk i transcendental'naja fenomenologija. Vvedenie v fenomenologičeskuju filosofiju. SPb., 2004. 

Gusserl' È. Filosofija kak strogaja nauka. Novočerkassk, 1994.

Gusserl' È. Logičeskie issledovanija. T. 1. Prolegomeny k čistoj logike. Novočerkassk, 1994

James W. Some Problems of Philosophy: A Beginning of an Introduction to Philosophy (1911).

Karnap R. Preodolenie metafiziki logičeskim analizom jazyka. Vestnik MGU. Ser. 7. Filosofija. no. 6. S. 11-26.

Karnap R. Filosofskie osnovanija fiziki. Moscow, 2006. 

Kasavin I.T. Èpistemologija i istoričeskoe soznanie. Èpistemologija i filosofija nauki. 2005. no. 1.

Kruglov A.N. Vozmožna li istorija a priori?. Nauka glazami gumanitarija; otv. red. A.V. Lektorskij. Moscow, 2005. 

Losev A.F. Vešč' i imja. A.F. Losev. Bytie, imja, kosmos. Moscow, 1993. 

Nikiforov A.L. Filosofija kak ličnyj opyt. Zabluždajuščijsja razum? Mnogoobrazie vnenaučnogo znanija; pod red. I.T. Kasavina. Moscow, 1990.

Spacetime and Structure: Structural Realism, Neo-Kantianism Idealism, or Relativized A Priorism? ; E. Slowik (ed.).. Philosophy of Science Assoc. 20th Biennial Mtg (Vancouver), 2006. Available at: http://philpapers.org/ rec/SLOSAS.

Xaking Ja. Predstavlenie i vmešatel'stvo. Moscow, 1998.