NOVUM ORGANON RENOVATUM: PREFACE, BOOK I. APHORISMS CONCERNING IDEAS

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Novum organon renovatum: predislovie, kniga 1. Aforizmy, kasayushchiesya idey
Author(s): 
William Whewell
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.55)
Pages: 
186-211
Abstract: 

The text is the Russian translation of W. Whewell’s work “Novum Organon Renovatum” (Preface and Book I Aphorisms concerning ideas), which is the third edition of the second volume of his major work “The philosophy of the Inductive Sciences founded upon their History”. In the text, W. Whewell proposes his theory of scientific method and classification of the necessary scientific ideas as a basis, from where every particular scientific discipline derives. By adopting the structure of the notorious Francis Bacon’s “Novum Organon”, Whewell reverses the order of scientific genesis, opposing himself to inductivism – the most influential philosophical theory of his time.

Keywords: 
Whewell, philosophy of science, history of science, scientific development, scientific method, scientific categories
References: 

Apelt, E.F. Die Theorie der Induction. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 1854. 204 pp.

Bacon, F. “Novyi organon” [Novum Organon], in: Bacon, F. Sochineniya v 2-kh tomakh [Works in 2 vols.] Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl’, 1978. 592 pp. ( In Russian).

Humboldt, A. von. Cosmos. Vol. II. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans; John Murray, 1849. 186 pp.

Whewell W. History of Scientific Ideas. Vol. I-II. London: John W. Parker and son, 1858. 566 + 648  pp.

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201855238
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