WILLIAM WHEWELL’S PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND IMMANUEL KANT’S APRIORISM

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Filosofiya nauki Uil'yama KH'yuella i apriorizm Immanuila Kanta
Author(s): 
Tatiana D. Sokolova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.55)
Pages: 
180-185
Abstract: 

The article is the introduction to the Russian translation of the preface and Book I of William Whewell’s classic work “Novum Organon Renovatum”. In his theory for the philosophy of science, Whewell offers a conception, which radically differs from a positivist or an inductivist models of science – the most influential doctrines of his time. Presupposing that the scientific activity is impossible without acceptance of a metaphysical doctrine, Whewell goes against the contemporary tendencies in philosophy. Nevertheless, eclecticism of his views on certain issues does not allow us to classify him as a representative of any particular philosophical “camp”. In the article, the author analyzes the “a priori” component in the system of the philosophy of science by William Whewell and the influence of Immanuel Kant’s conception of a priori on it.

Keywords: 
Whewell, Kant, philosophy of science, apriorism, idealism, rationalism vs. empiricism
References: 

Clarke, W.G. “William Whewell. In Memoriam”,  Macmillan’s Magazine, 1865-1866, no. 78, vol. XIII, pp. 545-552.

Morrison, M. “Whewell on the Ultimate Problem of Philosophy”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 1997, no. 28, pp. 417-437.

Snyder, L.J. “William Whewell”, in: Zalta E.N. (ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition). [http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2012/entries/whewell/, accessed on 18.03.2018].

Whewell, W. Filosofiya induktivnykh nauk, osnovannaya na ikh istorii [The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences founded upon their History]. Moscow: KNORUS, 2016. 700 pp. (In Russian)

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201855237
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