Merton-Popper’s paradox and the substantive rationality of science

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Paradoks Mertona-Poppera v svete «materializatsii» ratsional'nosti v nauke
Author(s): 
Liana A. Tukhvatulina
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.55)
Pages: 
49-52
Abstract: 

The author discusses the meaning of the paradox, which rises as a result of the controversy between the principles of scientific ethos (R. Merton) and fallibilism (K. Popper). She argues that the justification of the moral authority of science should not depend on this paradox. The author uses Max Weber’s concept of substantive rationality to consider the idea of social legitimation of science. She argues for understanding expertise as a special mode of scientific knowledge which aims at justifying the authority of science in the society.

Keywords: 
science, legitimation, Merton, Popper, Weber, expertise, rationality
References: 

Brockman, J. Eta ideya dolzhna umeret'. Nauchnye teorii, kotorye blokiruyut progress [This idea must die: scientific theories that are blocking progress]. Moscow: AST, 2017. 436 pp. [https://www.litres.ru/sbornik/eta-ideya-dolzhna-umeret-nauchnye-teorii-kotorye-blokiruut-progress/chitat-onlayn/page-2/, accessed on 14.03.2018] (In Russian)

Merton, R.K. Sotsial'naya teoriya i sotsial'naya struktura [Social theory and social structure]. Moscow: AST: Khranitel’, 2006. 837 pp. (In Russian)

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201855227
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