The paradoxes of scientific ethos

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Paradoksy nauchnogo etosa
Author(s): 
Alexandra A. Argamakova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.55)
Pages: 
34-36
Abstract: 

R.K. Merton’s idea of scientific ethos describes the norms and values, which regulate the cognitive practices of scientists. According to it, science has the special status and plays the role of referee in society and culture. Nevertheless, such view of science provokes the paradoxes and contradictions, connected with the basic principles of the conception and the application of science to practice. In the article, this theme will be analyzed at some extent, and the possible decisions of paradoxes around the scientific ethos will be outlined briefly.

Keywords: 
science, Merton, paradox, values, norms, communication
References: 

Merton, R. “The Ambivalence of Scientists”, in: R.S. Cohen, P.K. Feyerabend, M. Wartofsky (eds.). Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976, pp. 433 – 455.

Merton, R., Storer, N. The sociology of science: theoretical and empirical investigations. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1973. 605 pp.

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201855224
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