Citizen science: are people distinguishable from bacteria?

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Narodnaya nauka: otlichimy li lyudi ot bakterii?
Author(s): 
Sergei Yu. Shevchenko
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.1 (Vol.55)
Pages: 
171-183
Abstract: 

Technoscientific ethos has specific features in the fields of public expectation of new technologies and their human-oriented character. Today technoscientific ethos can be recognized as a norm in life sciences. The ability to modulate life processes is basic criterion of successful theory or approach. But citizen science has in many respects opposite values and there is a significant line of values deliberation that crosses the borders of academic institutions. From the one hand, methodological standardization simplifies delegation of concrete research practices. But from the other hand we can observe the shift in emphasis from factual and methodological dimension of science towards consideration social role of science and its axiology. The discussions of Merton’s normativity starts again, and citizen participation in this deliberative process is a key issue for description of citizen science in terms of distributed knowledge and collective agent of cognition. In the article these problems are considered on an example of solving one of the central problems of modern life sciences - the disclosure of the spatial structure of protein molecules.

 

Keywords: 
scientific values, citizen science, technoscience, R. Merton, L. Laudan, distributed knowledge, collective agent of cognition
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DOI: 
10.5840/eps201855115
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