Epistemic authority: the error of ‘liberal protection’ and the value alternative

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Epistemicheskii avtoritet: oshibka v «liberal'noi zashchite» i tsennostnaya al'ternativa
Author(s): 
Nikolai S. Rozov
Institute for Philosophy and Law, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.1 (Vol.55)
Pages: 
120-135
Abstract: 

derive following to moral and religious authorities from the principles of recognition of the state and from epistemic authority. The author shows that the automatic transition from recognition of somebody’s descriptive judgments to recognition of imperatives emanating from the same authority is not correct. He shows the way for a valid transition from recognition of epistemic authority of science to recognition of moral and religious authorities. He also claims that there is no justification for subjecting their instructions concerning all living arrangement. As an alternative, he suggests the principle of value consciousness according to which every modern individual (that usually enters a variety of communities with different values) freely accepts values to follow. At the same time the "thin layer" of universal values retains and nobody can violate them. The author argues that philosophy differs both from the sphere of science and the spheres of morality and religion, because philosophy is always looking for its own reasons. That is why philosophy is the best antidote against any attempt to bring the liberal principles under the subordination to moral and religious authorities, who, among other things, can be anti-liberal and anti-human.

Keywords: 
epistemic authority, scientific authority, moral authority, religious authority, the preemption of submission to rules, values of general significance, a thin layer of values, minimal values, value consciousness, the specificity of philosophy
References: 

Collins R. Sociologiya filosofiy. Globalnaya teoriya intellektualnogo izmeneniya. [Sociology of Philosophies. A Global Theory of Intellectual Change], trans. by N. Rozov, J. Wetrheim. Novosibirsk: Sibirsky Chronograph, 1998. 1280 p. (In Russian)

Raz J. The Morality of Freedom. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Rozov N. S. Cennosti v problemnom mire: filosofskie osnovaniya i socialnie prilozheniya konstruktivnoy aksiologii [Values in the Problematic World: Philosophical Foundations of Constructive Axiology]. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk State University, 1998. 292 p.(In Russian)

Rozov N. S. Idei i intellektuali v potoke istorii: makrosociologiya filosofii, nauki i obrazovaniya [Ideas and Intellectuals in the Stream of History. Macrosociology of Philosophy, Science, and Education]. Novosibirsk: Manuskript, 2016. 340 p.(In Russian)

Zagzebski. L. “Epistemic Authority: A Modern Liberal Defense” [Epistemicheskiy avtoritet: sovremennaya liberalnaya zaschita], Epistemology & Philosophy of Science, 2017, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 92–107. (In Russian)

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201855112
Full Text: