Money for science: social-economical problems of funding scientific research

Publication Type:


Transliteration of original Title: 
Den'gi na nauku: sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie problemy finansirovaniya nauchnogo poiska
Ekaterina V. Vostrikova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Petr S. Kusliy
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.1 (Vol.55)

The paper presents a survey of issues that are being currently studied as part of the research project called “Science and economics”. By discussing a number of leading articles the authors illustrate the main directions in which the research of the issues of financing science proceeds today. Among these directions are the consequences of the growing impact of private and corporate financing of science. Some negative trends associated with this impact are exposed, such as manipulation of research results and others. Another aspect is the ethos of a scientist that undergoes various transformations when pragmatic factors enter into the mix of criteria according to which the professional status of a scientist is determined.Two important organizational aspects of the contemporary institution of science are also critically discussed. They are the system of research grants and the process of peer-review. Each of the aspects reveals its shortcomings which are argued to be inevitable consequences of the impact of economics on science. The authors argue that contemporary investigations of science and economics reveal the influence that the economic organization of a society has on the scientific results produced by those who are responsible for them inside that society.

science, society, economics, grants, market

Antonovski, A. Yu. “Nauka kak obshchestvennaya podsistema: Niklas Luman o mekhanizmakh sotsial’noi evolyutsii znaniya i istiny” [Science as a social
subsystem. Niklas Luhmann about mechanisms of social evolution of knowledge and truth], Voprosy filosofii, 2017, no. 7, pp. 158–171. (In Russian)

Barash, R. E., “‘Istina’ i ‘vlast’’ kak kategorii sotsial’noi filosofii” [“Truth” and “authority” as categories of social philosophy], Monitoring of public opinion : economic and social changes, 2017, no. 5, pp. 120–134. (In Russian)

Blumenthal, D. et al. “Participation of life-science faculty in research relationships with industry”, in: New England journal of medicine, 1996, vol. 335, no. 23, pp. 1734-1739.

Boix Mansilla, V, Feller, I, Gardner H. “Quality assessment in interdisciplinary research and education”, in: Research Evaluation, 2006, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 69–74.

Brown, J.R. “Privatizing the university”, in: Science, 2000, vol. 290, no 5497, pp. 1701-1702.

Gök, A., Rigby, J., Shapira, P. “The impact of research funding on scientific outputs: Evidence from six smaller European countries”, in: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 2016, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 715-730.

Hemlin, S. “Quality in science: Researchers’ conceptions and judgments”, Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Psychology, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden. 1991.

Huutoniemi, K. “Communicating and compromising on disciplinary expertise in the peer review of research proposals”, in: Social Studies of Science, 2012, vol. 42 no. 6, pp. 897-921.

Lamont, M., Fournier, M., Guetzkow, J., Mallard, G., Bernier, R. “Evaluating creative minds: The assessment of originality in peer review”, in: Sales A., Fournier M. L. (eds.). Knowledge, Communication, and Creativity. London: Sage, 2007. P. 166–181.

Lamont, M. How Professors Think: Inside the Curious World of Academic Judgment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009. 330 p.

Langfeldt, L. “The policy challenges of peer review: Managing bias, conflict of interests and interdisciplinary assessments”, in: Research Evaluation, 2006, vol. 15, no 1, pp. 31–41.

Mirowski, P., Van Horn, R. “The contract research organization and the commercialization of scientific research”, in: Social studies of science, 2005, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 503-548.

Nelson, R.R. “Observations on the post-Bayh-Dole rise of patenting at American universities”, in: The Journal of Technology Transfer, 2001, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 13-19.

Partha, D., David, P.A. “Toward a new economics of science”, in: Research policy, 1994, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 487-521.

Petsko, G.A. “Goodbye, Columbus”, in: Genome biology, 2012, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 155-156.

Sà et al. “The Role of Evidence and Expertise in Research Funding Agencies”, in: Axelrod, P., Trilokekar R.D., Shanahan T., Wellen R. (eds.). Making Policy in Turbulent Times: Challenges and Prospects for Higher Education. Kingston: School of Policies Studies, Queen’s University, 2013. P. 59-82.

Stephan P.E. How economics shapes science. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 2012. 367 p.

Thorngate W., Dawes R.M., Foddy M. Judging Merit. New York: Psychology Press, 2009. 185 p.