REDUCTIONISM AND HOLISM IN THE PROCESS OF COGNITION OF THE LIVING: A METHODOLOGICAL DIALOGUE

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Reduktsionizm i kholizm v poznanii zhivogo: metodologicheskiy dialog
Author(s): 
Elena Muzrukova
Institute for the history of science and technology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Roman Fando
Institute for the history of science and technology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 39)
Pages: 
211-226
Abstract: 

The article analyzes how different methodological approaches (reductionism and holism) allowed one to study the cognitive model - a cell of a living organism. It is shown how the study of this model by various scientists have led to modern concepts of molecular biology and genetics. These examples from the history of science clearly show that in the biological sciences the interpenetration of natural methodologies and heuristic hypotheses is. This is due to the complexity of the biological system, since different levels of the elementary structures and processes have a definite meaning only within the context of integral, which in itself is a multi-dimensional form.

Keywords: 
methodology of biological cognition, interdisciplinary, history of science, philosophy of science, cognitive models, the development of the fundamental areas of physico-chemical biology, place a subject in a research study
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