Publication Type:


Transliteration of original Title: 
Kont i pozitivizm
William Whewell
Issue number: 
No.4 (Vol.54)

The article is the last philosophical essay by William Whewell published after his death in 1866. Here the philosopher and historian of science criticizes the most popular explanatory theory of scientific and disciplinary development of his time proposed by Auguste Comte. He also critically investigates the influence of Comte’s ideas on the ideas of John Stewart Mill, his main opponent, providing counter-examples from the history of science.

Whewell, Comte, Mill, philosophy of science, scientific knowledge, history of science, positivism

Comte A. Kurs polozhitel'noi filosofii [Cours de philosophie positive]. Saint Petersburg: Knizhnyi magazin T-va "Posrednik", Knizhnyi magazin I.I. Ivanov, 1901. 302 p. (In Russian)

Comte A. Système de politique positive. Paris: L. Mathias, 1854. Vol. IV. 865 p.

Dante A. Bozhestvennaya komediya [Divine Comedy]. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya Literatura, 1967. 686 p. (In Russian)

Darwin Ch. On the Origin of Species. L.: John Murray, 1859. 502 p.

Herschel J. Essays from the Edinburgh and Quarterly Review with Addresses nd other Pieces. London : Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts, 1857. 756 p.

Ingram J.K. Miscellaneous Notes, in: Hermathena,1873, vol. I, pp.  247-250.

Lewes G.H. Auguste Comte. In: The Fortnightly review. London: Chapman and Hall, 1865/1866. Vol. III. P. 385-410.

Mill J.S. Auguste Comte and Positivism London : N. Trubner & Co, 1865.  200 p.

Petrarca F. Lirika. Avtobiograficheskaya proza [Lyrics]. Moscow: Pravda, 1989. 480 p.

Pickering M. Auguste Comte: An Intellectual Biography. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2009. Vol. II : III. 637 p.

Whewell W. Comte and Positivism, in: Macmillan's Magazine, 1866, vol. XIII, pp. 356-362.




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