WHEWELL VS COMTE: IS ‘APRIORISM – POSITIVISM’ COMMUNICATION POSSIBLE?

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Kh'yuell protiv Konta, ili vozmozhna li kommunikatsii mezhdu apriorizmom i pozitivizmom?
Author(s): 
Alexander A. Antonovski
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Raisa E. Barash
Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.4 (Vol.54)
Pages: 
202-208
Abstract: 

This paper is an introduction to "Auguste Comte and the Positivism” by William Whewell. The author claim that the Comte's ideas were considered in Whewell’s essay only as an excuse to declare general protest against critical attitude in its relation to scientific and social life, and also both to the evolution of nature and science, and to the development of the social order. This work could be considered as the last manifesto of the so-called "old European semantics" with the doctrine of "truth perfectionism", which presumes an achievement of final stage of scientific development and an approval of ultimate scientific truths. 

Keywords: 
William Whewell, Auguste Comte, apriorism, positivism, social epistemology, social philosophy of science, communication
References: 

Comte A. O dukhe pozitivnoi filosofii [Cours de philosophie positive]. Moscow: Librokom. 2011.  276 p. (In Russian)

Harré R. The Principles of Scientific Thinking. L.: Macmillan 1970. 334 p.

Luhmann N. Istina, znanie, nauka kak sistema [Truth, knowledge, science as a system]. Moscow: Logos. 2016. 408 p. (In Russian)

Whewell W. Filosofiya induktivnykh nauk, osnovannaya na ikh istorii [The philosophy of inductive sciences, founded upon their history]. Moscow: Knorus, 2016. 500 p. (In Russian)

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201754483