On the autonomy of scientific and theological discourses

Publication Type:


Transliteration of original Title: 
Ob avtonomii nauchnogo i bogoslovskogo diskursov
Igor Nevvazhay
Saratov State Law Academy
Issue number: 
no.3 (vol.53)

Author discusses the problem of the relation between scientific and theological discourses. He argues both against the thesis about science and religion as complementary parts as well as against the thesis that they stay in conflict. He defends the position of the strong separation of theology and science. The author considers three fundamental philosophical problems that mark the difference in rational consideration between science and theology: emergence of the world, foundations of belief and knowledge, modes of scientific and religious discourses. The author claims that the incompatibility in the understanding of the emergence of the world in science and religion lies in the concept of the observer: the "external" observer in theology and the “internal” observer in science. "Experience" in science and "religious experience" have different sources, different criteria for reliability, different existential meaning. Religion and science have different purposes: the domination of man over himself in religions and the domination of man over the outside world in science. Therefore, religion and science use fundamentally various discourses: a descriptive discourse in science and prescriptive discourse in religion. Therefore, I think that the dialogue between religion and science doesn't make any sense neither for religion nor for science.

science, theology, evolutionism, creationism, experience, revelation, dogma, descriptive, prescriptive discourse

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