Thinking of God in phenomenological philosophy of religion: from formal indication to eschatological reduction

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Myshlenie o Boge v fenomenologicheskoi filosofii religii: ot formal'nogo ukazaniya k eskhatologicheskoi reduktsii
Svetlana Konacheva
Russian State University for Humanities
Issue number: 
no.3 (vol.53)

The article is devoted to the phenomenological and post-phenomenological approaches in philosophy of religion. In the first part of the article the author considers the early Heidegger's philosophy of religion. Heidegger understands the philosophy of religion within his philosophy of the facticity. He considers historical dimension as a key phenomenon of religion. The author focuses on the concept of formal indication as a particular attitude overcoming the theoretical approach. The formal indication achieves the enactment-aspect of phenomenon. In the second part the author deals with methodological issues of phenomenological-hermeneutical philosophy of religion (John Caputo, Richard Kearney), demonstrating the possibility to think of God after God, non-metaphysical thinking of God. It is analyzed Caputo's critique of metaphysics and his concept of “religion without religion”. She examines also the notion of micro-eschatological reduction in diacritical hermeneutics of Richard Kearney comparing this kind of reduction with transcendental (Husserl), ontological (Heidegger) and donological (Marion) reduction. The author argues that the phenomenological and post-phenomenological approaches in philosophy of religion unites the understanding of the philosophy of religion, not as one of particular section of philosophy, questioning about the specific region of human existence, rather, the phenomenon of religious experience becomes the starting point of an integrated system of philosophy. The main task here is phenomenological understanding of the original orientations of religious life in its facticity. It’s argued that philosophy of religion should arise from our own historical situation and facticity.


phenomenology, philosophy of religion, formal indication, radical hermeneutics, reduction

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