Thinking of God in phenomenological philosophy of religion: from formal indication to eschatological reduction

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Myshlenie o Boge v fenomenologicheskoi filosofii religii: ot formal'nogo ukazaniya k eskhatologicheskoi reduktsii
Author(s): 
Svetlana Konacheva
Russian State University for Humanities
Issue number: 
no.3 (vol.53)
Pages: 
123-139
Abstract: 

The article is devoted to the phenomenological and post-phenomenological approaches in philosophy of religion. In the first part of the article the author considers the early Heidegger's philosophy of religion. Heidegger understands the philosophy of religion within his philosophy of the facticity. He considers historical dimension as a key phenomenon of religion. The author focuses on the concept of formal indication as a particular attitude overcoming the theoretical approach. The formal indication achieves the enactment-aspect of phenomenon. In the second part the author deals with methodological issues of phenomenological-hermeneutical philosophy of religion (John Caputo, Richard Kearney), demonstrating the possibility to think of God after God, non-metaphysical thinking of God. It is analyzed Caputo's critique of metaphysics and his concept of “religion without religion”. She examines also the notion of micro-eschatological reduction in diacritical hermeneutics of Richard Kearney comparing this kind of reduction with transcendental (Husserl), ontological (Heidegger) and donological (Marion) reduction. The author argues that the phenomenological and post-phenomenological approaches in philosophy of religion unites the understanding of the philosophy of religion, not as one of particular section of philosophy, questioning about the specific region of human existence, rather, the phenomenon of religious experience becomes the starting point of an integrated system of philosophy. The main task here is phenomenological understanding of the original orientations of religious life in its facticity. It’s argued that philosophy of religion should arise from our own historical situation and facticity.

 

Keywords: 
phenomenology, philosophy of religion, formal indication, radical hermeneutics, reduction
References: 

Caputo, J. Radical Hermeneutics: Repetition, Deconstruction, and the Hermeneutic Project. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987. 320 p.

Caputo, J. Against Ethics: Contributions to a Poetics of Obligation with Constant Reference to Deconstruction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993. 295 p.

Caputo, J. The Prayers and Tears of Jacques Derrida: Religion without Religion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997. 379 p.

Caputo, J. More Radical Hermeneutics: On Not Knowing Who We Are. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000. 299 p.

Caputo, J. On Religion. London, New York: Routledge, 2001. 147 p.

Caputo, J. The insistence of God: a theology of perhaps. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013. 307 p.

Heidegger, M. „Phänomenologie und Theologie“, in: Phänomenologie und Theologie. Frankfurt a.M.: Klostermann, 1970, pp.13–33. (In German)

Heidegger, M. „Einleitung in die Phänomenologie der Religion“, in: Heidegger, M. Phänomenologie des religiösen Lebens. Bd. 60.  Frankfurt a.M. : Klostermann, 1995, pp.3–159. (In German)

Heidegger, M. Phänomenologische Interpretationen zu Aristoteles. Gesamtausgabe. Bd. 62. Frankfurt a.M. : Klostermann, 2005. 451p. (In German)

Jung, M. Das Denken des Seins und der Glaube an Gott: Zum Verhältnis von Philosophie und Theologie bei Heidegger. Würzburg: Königshausen u. Neumann, 1990. 197p. (In German)

Kearney, R. The God who may be: a hermeneutic of religion. Bloomington: Indiana University Press,1984. 172 p.

Kearney, R. “Epiphanies of the Everyday: Toward a Micro–Eschatology”, in: J.P.Manoussakis (ed.). After God: Richard Kearney and the religious turn in continental philosophy. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006, pp. 3–20.

Kearney, R. Anateism: returning to God after God. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. 247 p.

Manoussakis, J.P. “Introduction”, in: Manoussakis J.P.(ed.). After God: Richard Kearney and the religious turn in continental philosophy. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006, pp. xv-xx.

Otto, R. Svyashchennoe. Ob irratsional'nom v idee bozhestvennogo i ego sootnoshenii s ratsional'nym [Das Heilige]. St.Petersburg:ANO «Izdatel'stvo SPb. Universiteta», 2008. 272 p. (In Russian)

Pylaev, M.A. Kategoriya «svyashchennoe» v fenomenologii religii, teologii i filosofii ΧΧ veka [The category of “Holy” in phenomenology of religion, theology and philosophy of the ΧΧth century]. Moscow: RGGU, 2011. 215 p.(In Russian)

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201753352
Full Text: