Symposion and symposium as the modes of the text culture

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Simpozion i simpozium kak formaty tekstovoi kul'tury
Author(s): 
Oleg Zarapin
Tavrida Academy, Crimean Federal University
Olga Shapiro
Tavrida Academy, Crimean Federal University
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.52)
Pages: 
168-183
Abstract: 

The authors investigates the problem of the correlation between sense and communicative situation which characterizes philosophical and scientific texts. The analysis of ancient genre of “table-talk”, which goes back to Plato's dialogue “Banquet”, shows that the dialogue as a text construction form defines the philosophical sense of the text in coordination with communication features of a real table-talk (symposion). This communicative mechanism coordinates text (dialogue) and reality (symposion), and its action can be clarified by “format of text” concept. It is determined by three essential characteristics of the text: the circumstances of his generation, communicative situation between the author and the reader, and the form of the text. The variety of formats in every cultural and historical situation is determined, in its turn, by the actual text culture.dentification and analysis of symposion format allows to trace the transformation of its textual expression of “Table Talk” through “aphorisms” of modern times to modern “abstract” and “round table materials”. It is noted that the process of cultural transformation of the text reflects the changes in the social reality of the transition from the ancient symposion to the French salon in the seventeenth century and further to modern symposium. It is revealed the basic feature of the modern version of symposion format that is convergence, and sometimes interference of communicative and public dimensions of the text

Keywords: 
symposion, conference, round table, scientific communication, format, text culture, argumentation, discussion, sense
References: 

Athenaeus. Pir mudretsov v pyatnadtsati knigakh [The Deipnosophistae]. Moscow: Nauka, 2004. 655 pp. (In Russian)

Alekseev, A. P. Filosofskij tekst: idei, argumentacija, obrazy [Philosophical text: ideas, reasoning, images]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya, 2006. 328 pp.

Aykenval’d, Yu. I. “Mezdunarodnyy filosofskiy kongress v Parizhe” [Paris International Philosophical congress], Filosofskie nauki, 2011, No. 1, pp. 129–136. (In Russian)

Bakhtin, M. M. K metodologii gumanitarnykh nauk [On the methodology of the humanities], in: Bakhtin M.M. Chelovek v mire slova [The man in the world of the word] Moscow: Izd-vo Rossiiskogo otkrytogo un-ta, 1995, pp. 129–139. (In Russian)

Eemeren, F.H. van, Grootendorst, R. Argumentation, Communication and Fallacies. A Pragma-Dialectical Perspective. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992. 236 pp.

Feyerabend, P. Protiv metoda. Ocherk anarkhistskoi teorii poznaniya [Against Method. Outline of an Anarchist Theory of Knowledge] Moscow: AST: AST MOSKVA: KhRANITEL, 2007. 413 pp. (In Russian)

Freydenberg, O.M. Mif i literatura drevnosti [The mith and literature of antiquity]. Moscow: «Vostochnaya literatura» RAN, 1998. 800 pp. (In Russian)

Galilei, G. “Dialog o dvukh slavneishikh sistemakh mira – Ptolemeevoi i Kopernikovoi” [Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems], in: Galileo Galilei. Izbrannye Trudy v dvukh tomakh [Selected works in two volumes]. Vol. 1. Moscow: Nauka, 1964. pp. 97–555. (In Russian)

Habermas, J. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeoise Society. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. 1991. 301 pp.

Xenophon. “Pir” [The Banquet], in: Sokraticheskie sochineniya [Socratic works]. Moscow: Academia, 1935, pp. 201 244. (In Russian)

Lissarrague, F. Vino v potoke obrazov. Estetika drevnegrecheskogo pira [The Aesthetics of the Grrek Banquet: Images of Wine and Ritual]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2008. 176 pp. (In Russian)

Losev, A.F. „Kommentarii“ [Сommentaries], in: Plato. Sochineniya v 3-kh t. [Works in 3 vol.] Moscow: Mysl', 1970, vol. 2, pp. 479–602. (In Russian)

Metodologicheskie problemy publikatsii filosofskikh tekstov . Materialy konferentsii-“kruglogo stola” [Metodoogical problems in the pubication of philosophical texts. Materials of the Conference – “Round Table”] Uchastniki [participants]: B. I. Pruzhinin, N.S. Avtonomova etc., Voprosy filosofii, 2016, No. 3, pp. 5–50. (In Russian)

Mikeshina, L.A. Dialog kognitivnykh praktik. Iz istorii epistemologii i istorii nauki [Dialog of Cognitive Practices. From History of Epistemology and Philosophy of Science] Moscow: Rossiskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN), 2010. 575 pp. (In Russian)

Plato. Pir [The Symposium], in: Plato. Izbrannye dialogi [Selected dialogues]. Moscow: Khudozhestvennaya literatura, 1965. pp. 118–184. (In Russian)

Plutarch. Zastol'nye besedy [Table-Talk]. Leningrad: Nauka, 1990. 592 pp. (In Russian)

Plutarch. Moralia. 16 Vols. Vol. VIII. Harvard University Press. 1969. 424 pp.

Povarnin, S. I. „Iskusstvo spora. O teorii i praktike spora” [Dispute art: Theory and practice of dispute], in: Povarnin S. I. Sochineniya [Works]. St. Petersburg: Institut inostrannykh yazykov, 2015, pp. 481–590. (In Russian)

Price, D. J. de S. “Tendentsii v razvitii nauchnoy kommunikatsii proshloe, nastoyashchee, budushchee” [Communication in Science: The Ends], in: Kommunikatsiya v sovremennoy nauke [Communication in the modern science]. Moscow: Progress, 1976, pp. 93–109. (In Russian)

Problemy mezhdistsiplinarnosti v kontekste reform rossiyskoy nauki. Materialy “kruglogo stola” [The Problem of Interdisciplinarity in the Context of the Russian Science Reforms. Papers of the “round table”] Uchastniki [participants]: V. I. Arshinov, V. G. Budanov etc., Filosofiya nauki i tekhnikш, 2016, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 5–35. (In Russian)

Shul'man, O. “Aforizm kak filosofskiy zhanr vo frantsuzskoy salonnoy kul'ture XVII v. i v sovremennoy frantsuzskoy mysli” [Aphorism as a Philosophical Genre in the Culture of French Salons of the 17th century and in the Contemporary rench Thought], in: Chelovek vchera i segodnya. Mezhdistsiplinarnye issledovaniya. Moscow, 2011, Vol. 5, pp. 197–214. (In Russian)

Vasil'eva, T. V. Poetika antichnoy filosofii [Poetics in the Antique Pilosophy]. Moscow: Akademicheskii Proekt; Triksta, 2008. 735 pp. (In Russian)

Walton, D., Gordon, T.F. “Formalizing Informal Logic”, Informal Logic, 2015, vol.35, no. 4, pp. 508–538.

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201752237