Discourses and the types of future

Publication Type:


Transliteration of original Title: 
Diskursy i tipy budushchego
Vadim Rozin
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.52)

The article discusses the problems of the understanding of the future. The author suggests to consider this problem in accordance with the analysis of its discourse and types. He distinguishes the following kinds of temporal discourse: event time; contains the past; present; future; future reconstruction created on the basis of reconstructions of past and present; present actions in accordance with the images of future, finally, practices aimed at the implementation of the future as the plan or project. Based on the analysis of several cases and general considerations author introduces his classification of types of future discourse. Firstly, it is “uncertain future” (“future as a thing in itself”) as the most relevant type for modernity. Secondly, it is “objectively subjective future” that could be considered both as religious vision of the future and as the rational concept allowing a person to participate in constructing the future. Thirdly, it is “local technological future” that is considered on the example of the analysis of the US and USSR nuclear project. The current understanding of future is considered as an attempt to predict and to build the same future for everybody. The author argues that this attempt doesn’t seem to be feasible. Implementing different ideas and projects of the future and acting spontaneously without any particular image of the future, one cannot create the same future for everyone. Probably, it is necessary accept the fact that there’re a number of images of future and each of them is narrow. Somehow, they all are involved in the formation of future, but we do not know how. It is better to assume that any, even the inadequate and destructive, plans and future projects are involved in the formation and flow of social processes. That’s why it is so important to analyze them in order to understand their action and place in the structure of life.

discourse, style, future, past, present, time, event, practice, plan, project implementation

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