Social and humanitarian dimensions of technoscience

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Sotsiogumanitarnoe izmerenie tekhnonauki
Author(s): 
Alexandra Argamakova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.52)
Pages: 
120-136
Abstract: 

The article is dedicated to re-conceptualization of ideas, implied by the theories of technoscience. In particular, they imply our understanding of technologies as material artifacts and technics, which is not the only possible one. In the same time, the presence of social technologies and innovations, practices of social planning and engineering, humanitarian labs and applied socio-humanitarian knowledge can provide reasonable ground for changes in our ways of speaking about social and human sciences in techno-scientific discourse. The first part of the article presents an updated approach to the key ideas of technoscience theory. In the second part of the article the author develops the historical argumentation for this approach. The practical functions of social sciences are described as follows: professional training for specialists; social critics and applied research; production of ideological concepts; intellectual support for social engineering; enlightenment and formation of humanitarian culture. The author argues that there are close ties between social sciences and practices, and the impact of social knowledge on developing of modern technoculture is being specifically revealed in this context.

 

Keywords: 
technoscience, applied socio-humanitarian knowledge, history of social sciences, institutionalization of social sciences, social demand in science, NBICS-technologies, social technologies, social innovations, social planning, social engineering, social la
References: 

Argamakova, A. “Naskol'ko gumanitaristika mozhet byt' sotsial'no poleznoi?” [How socially useful the human studies are?], Filosofskie nauki, 2016, No. 8, pp. 68–76. (In Russian)

Argamakova, A. A., Yashina, A. V. “Crowd science: issledovanie i preobrazovanie obshchestva cherez tekhnologii kraudsorsinga” [Crowd science: social studies and social changes through the crowdsourcing techniques], Tsennosti i smysly, 2016, No. 5, pp. 137–150. (In Russian)

Barnes, B. “Elusive Memories of Technoscience”, Perspectives on Science, 2005, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 142–165.

Bernal, J. D. Nauka v istorii obshhestva [Science in History]. Moscow: Foreign Literature Publishing House, 1956. 735 pp. (in Russian)

Caine, S. The History of the Foundation of the London School of Economics and Political Science. London: London School of Economics, 1963. 103 pp.

Haraway, D. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the late Twentieth Century”, in: Haraway D. Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. New York: Routledge, 1991, pp. 149–181.

Hottois, G. “Techno-sciences and ethics”, in: C. Dilworth (ed.). Agazzi E. Right, Wrong and Science. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities. Vol. 81. Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi, 2004. 354 pp.

Kasavin, I. T. (ed.). Obshchestvo.Tekhnika.Nauka. Na puti k teorii sotsial'nykh tekhnologii [Society. Technics. Science. Towards theory of social technologies]. Moscow: Alfa-M, 2012. 477 pр. (In Russian)

Latour, B. Nauka v deistvii [Science in Action]. St. Petersburg: Publishing House of European University in Saint Petersburg, 2013. 414 pp. (In Russian)

Lingelbach, G. “The Institutionalization and Professionalization of History in Europe and The United States”, in: S. Macintyre, J. Maiguashca, A. Pok (eds.). The Oxford History of Historical Writing. Vol. 4: 1800–1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 78–96.

Porter, T. M. “Genres and Objects of Social Inquiry, From the Enlightenment to 1890”, in: T. Porter, D. Ross (eds.). The Cambridge History of Science. Vol. 7: The Modern Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 13–39.

Ross, D. “Changing Contours of the Social Science Disciplines”, in: T.Porter, D. Ross (eds.). The Cambridge History of Science. Vol. 7: The Modern Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 205–237.

Ruegg, W. (ed.) A History of the Universities in Europe. Volume 3: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. 776 pp.

Wagner, P., Weiss, C.H., Wittrock, B., Wollmann, H. (eds.). Social Sciences and Modern States. National Experiences and Theoretical Crossroads. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. 392 pp.

DOI: 
10.5840/eps201752234
Full Text: