Logic, meaning and value from the performative perspective of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s “Tractatus Logico-Philosophics”

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Logika, smysl i tsennost' v performativnom izmerenii «Logiko-filosofskogo traktata» Lyudviga Vitgenshteina
Sofia Danko
National Research University – Higher School of Economics
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.52)

Many contemporary scholars converge the main issues of the “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus” with B. Russell’s agenda aimed at eliminating language confusion that causes “fundamental philosophical problems”. Although this may be correct to a certain degree, the main idea of the “Tractatus” often remains overlooked: according to Wittgenstein, establishing the language boundaries must lead us to the inexpressible meanings and values of life, and somehow demonstrate them. It was done by Wittgenstein in “Tractatus”, however results of his activity still remain in some way confidential, leaving a scope to various versions in this respect. This paper represents one of the possible approaches to this problem. It consists in the ultimate radicalization of characteristics of the logical structure showing that the facts within only the logical structure cannot be understood and described in comprehensible propositions. Thereby, it is possible to highlight the logical level of language and to show some non-logical meanings and values that contribute to the understanding of the world. This approach allows to show the performative perspective of “Tractatus” and to find the appropriate place for values and senses among the language expression. 

analytical philosophy, L. Wittgenstein, B. Russell, logical structure, simple objects, atomized facts, “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus”, value, meaning, ethics

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