The faces of prevision: from universal knowledge to foresight forecasting

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Mnogolikoe predvidenie: ot universal'nogo znaniya do forsaitnogo prognoza
Author(s): 
Sofia Pirozhkova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No.2 (Vol.52)
Pages: 
8-19
Abstract: 

Author aims to give an integral representation of different semantic fields, forming the polysemantic concept “prevision”. It is proved that such representation would eliminate the ambiguity in understanding what we're dealing with in a particular instance of usage and related practices. Three semantic fields are identified through analyzing of the evolution of meaning of concept “prevision” in philosophical texts, modern prognostic practices and studies of mechanisms of cognition. The first is summing up in definition of prevision as a constructive activity with regard to the future, the second - in definition of prevision as passing experience (passing from actual experience to possible one), the third designated as formed by existential issues. It is shown that the conception of prevision as a passing experience, fixed the fundamental mechanisms of cognition and adaptation, is the foundation for other two semantic units. At the same time constructive and existential meanings of prevision couldn’t be reduced to this foundation. 

Keywords: 
prevision, experience, the anticipated character of knowledge, epistemological constructivism, epistemological realism, forecasting, foresight
References: 

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DOI: 
DOI: 10.5840/eps201752223