Should we conceive science historically?

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Stoit li nauku myslit' istoricheski?
Author(s): 
Lada Shipovalova
Saint Petersburg State University
Issue number: 
No.1 (Vol.51)
Abstract: 

In the article I describe the difficulties of  contemporary historical epistemology which are associated with its disciplinary uncertainty and the ambiguity in the understanding of its meaning for the historical interpretation of science. It’s argued that some of modes of such interpretation lead researchers to the dangerous relativism. The author emphasizes the removal of the opposition between external and internal history of science, the inclusion «non-humans» to the objectness of the historical thinking, going beyond presentism as the way of describing of the history of science, as well as the approval of variability of the fundamental concepts of scientific activity. The thesis is that, in spite of this, we should conceive science historically, readily meeting all relativistic consequences of this thinking. Also we should understand relativism as the necessary reason of the epistemologist studies. In conclusion, I discuss the importance of this historical thinking about science in the epistemic, disciplinary and socio-political contexts. 

Keywords: 
historical epistemology, relativism, history and philosophy of science, «ruthless historicism»
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DOI: 
DOI: 10.5840/eps20175112
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