ONTOLOGICAL STATUS OF THE PHENOMENON OF DISCOURSE

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Ontologicheskiy status fenomena diskursa
Author(s): 
Vyacheslav Faritov
Department of Philosophy, Ulyanovsk State Technical University
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 39)
Pages: 
124-136
Abstract: 

The aim of this article is an ontological analysis of one of the most important concepts in the modern philosophical and scientific thought – concept of discourse. The problem of relations between discourse and reality, discourse and language is considered. From the standpoint of modern ontological approaches discourse is treated as a phenomenon that combines the basic oppositions of classical ontology, such as being and consciousness, reality and language. The discourse is not the product of any being as such, neither the language itself. It occurs at the intersection of these phenomena in the problem field created by their mutual attraction and mutual repulsion. So understood discourse is one of the main units of analysis of non-classical ontology, characterized by a tendency to overcome the schemes and models of classical metaphysics. Inclusion of the concept of discourse in the scope of ontological research allows implementing a new approach to the solution of the basic problems of ontology: the problem of correlation between being and thinking, language and reality, ideal, meaningful and material, corporeal. Discourse is a phenomenon wherein the abovementioned oppositions come to the identity, which simultaneously contains the difference. The opposites, on which basis the ontological teachings of classical type are built, are contained in discourse in repealed form.  Therefore, discourse can be used as one of the basic concepts in modern non-classical ontology.

Keywords: 
discourse, way of being, ontology, consciousness, language, reality
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