The world of everyday life and the«axioms» of practical consciousness: social theoretical prolegomena

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Mir povsednevnosti i «aksiomy» prakticheskogo soznaniya: sotsial'no-teoreticheskie prolegomeny
Author(s): 
Denis Podvoyskiy
Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 49)
Pages: 
178-197
Abstract: 

Author considers cognitive assumptions of practical consciousness: some preconditions on which an interaction with the social and natural objects is based. Author follows the “constructivist” program in social theory in its classic version which is represented by social phenomenology and phenomenological sociology of knowledge (A. Schȕtz, P. Berger, T. Luckmann). Author analyzes some latent axioms and presuppositions, “idealizations” and mechanisms of everyday consciousness which constitute individual social experience at the level of micro-interactions with the objects and the “others”. This analysis also refers to the intellectual heritage of classical theory of knowledge (epistemological ideas of I. Kant, E. Husserl). Author considers the status of the Other in the elementary systems of social interaction; discusses the necessity to assume the relative constancy and uniformity of the objective world elements including the existence of an integral self-identical “I” (actor's personality). The organized process of social experience uninterruptedly operated by cognitive schemes of practical consciousness is considered as one of the main conditions of reproduction of coordinated routines which support social order and institutional structures of the society.

Keywords: 
social construction of reality, practical consciousness, everyday life, social action, Ego and Alter ego, social phenomenology, social theory
References: 

Abels H. Interaktsiya, identifikatsiya, prezentatsiya. Vvedenie v intepretativnuyu sotsiologiyu [Interaktion, Identität, Präsentation. Kleine Einführung in interpretative Theorien der Soziologie]. Saint-Petersburg: Aletheia, 2000. 272p. (In Russian)

Bankovskaya S.P. Drugoj kak jelementarnoe ponjatie social'noj ontologii [The Other as an elementary notion of social ontology]. Russian Sociological Review - Sociologicheskoe obozrenie, 2007, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 75-87.  (In Russian)

Collins R. Chetyre sociologicheskih tradici [Four sociological traditions]. Moscow: Territoriya budushchego Publ., 2009. 320p. (In Russian)

Durkheim E., Mauss M. O nekotorykh pervobytnykh formakh klassifikatsii. K issledovaniyu kollektivnykh predstavleniy [De quelques formes primitives de classification]. In: Mauss M. Obshchestva.Obmen.Lichnost'. Trudy po sotsial'noy antropologii [Mauss M. Society. Exchange. Personality. Works on social anthropology]. Moscow: KDU Publ., 2011, pp.55-124. (In Russian)

Feyerabend P. Protiv metoda. Ocherk anarhistskoj teorii poznanija [Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge]. In: Feyerabend P.Izbrannye trudy po metodologii nauki [Selected papers on methodology of science]. Moscow: Progress Publ., 1986, pp. 125-466. (In Russian)

Garfinkel H. Issledovaniya po etnometodologii [Studies in ethnometodology]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2007. 335p. (In Russian)

Gasparov I.G. Devid Yum i metafizika tozhdestva lichnosti [David Hume and the metaphysics of personal identity]. In: Devid Yum i sovremennaya filosofiya: sbornik statey  [David Hume and modern philosophy: collection of articles. Ed. by I.T. Kasavin]. Moscow: Alfa-M, 2012, pp. 182 -201.

Heidegger M. Bytie i vremja [Sein und Zeit]. Moscow: Akademicheskiy proekt Publ., 2011. 485p. (In Russian)

Husserl E. Kartezianskie razmyshleniya [Cartesianische Meditationen]. Saint-Petersburg: Nauka, Yuventa, 1998. 316p. (In Russian)

Kant I. Kritika chistogo razuma [Kritik der reinen Vernunft]. Rostov on Don: Fenix, 1999. 672p.

Kant I. Prolegomeny ko vsjakoj budushhej metafizike, mogushhej pojavit'sja kak nauka [Prolegomena zu einer jeden künftigen Metaphysik, die als Wissenschaft wird auftreten können].  In: Kant I. Sochinenija v shesti tomah [Kant I. Selected works in 6 volumes]. Vol. 4. I. Moscow: Mysl' Publ., 1965, pp.67-209. (In Russian)

Lévy-Bruhl L. Sverhestestvennoe v pervobytnom myshlenii [Le surnaturel et la nature dans la mentalité primitive]. Moscow: Pedagogika-Press, 1994. 608p. (In Russian)

Lippmann W. Obshhestvennoe mnenie [Public Opinion]. Moscow: Institut Fonda «Obshchestvennoe mnenie», 2004. 384p. (In Russian)

Parsons T., Shils E. K obshhej teorii dejstvija. Teoreticheskie osnovanija social'nyh nauk [Toward a General Theory of action. Theoretical Foundations for the Social Sciences].In:  Parsons T. O strukture social'nogo dejstvija [Parsons T. The Structure of Social Action]. Moscow: Akademicheskiy Proekt Publ., 2000, pp. 415-562. (In Russian)

Podvoyskiy D.G. «Jetot mir priduman ne nami»? O roli znanij v konstruirovanii real'nosti: klassiki i sovremenniki [«The world was invented before us, wasn't it?»: The role of knowledge in the construction of reality: classic and contemporary studies]. In: Obydennoe i nauchnoe znanie ob obshhestve: vzaimovlijanija i rekonfiguracii. Kollektivnaya. monografija [Ordinary and scientific social knowledge: interconnections and reconfigurations. Ed. by I.F. Deviatko et al.]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya Publ., 2015, pp. 65-95. (In Russian)

Schutz A. Formirovanie ponjatija i teorii v obshhestvennyh naukah [Concept and theory formation in the social sciences]. In: Amerikanskaja sociologicheskaja mysl': Teksty [American sociological thought: Texts]. Moscow: Moscow St.Univ. Publ.,  1994, pp. 481-496. (In Russian)

Schutz A. Izbrannoe: Mir, svetjashhijsja smyslom [Selected works.]. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ., 2004. 1056p. (In Russian)

Simmel G. Wie ist Gesellschaft möglich? [Kak vozmozhno obshchestvo?] In: Izbrannoe. Vol. 2. Sozercanie zhizni [Simmel G. Selected works in 2 volumes. Vol. 2]. Moscow: Yurist, 1996, pp. 509-526. (In Russian)

Yatsutsenko Yu.V. Model' stanovlenija sub’ekta religioznoj jetiki v rannem buddizme: opyt predvaritel'noj rekonstrukcii [The model of formation of the religious ethics’ subject in early Buddhism: the preliminary experience of reconstruction]. In: Aktual'nye voprosy sociologicheskoj nauki: teorija, metodologija, praktika. [Actual problems of sociological science: theory, methodology, practice]. Moscow:, 2015, pp. 13-22. (In Russian)