PHENOMENOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF THE "PLEASURE PRINCIPLE"

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Fenomenologicheskaya interpretatsiya «printsipa udovol'stviya»
Author(s): 
Alexandr Emelyanov
Department of Humanitarian Technologies and Journalism, Kamsky institute of humanitarian and engineering technologies
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 39)
Pages: 
111-123
Abstract: 

The article deals with the application of the «pleasure principle» to borders and categories of phenomenology of the man’s life world. Experience of pleasure is considered as an event of "world’s opening", as a way of a man being and kind of emotions having phenomenal nature. Language interpretations, through which the hedonistic experience reveals, are studied. Phenomenological approach to the analysis of the «pleasure principle» is compared and contrasted with the psychoanalytic approach. The reference to the phenomenological interpretation could be explained by the need to study this phenomenon in the broader philosophical, metaphysical, linguistic approaches. Pleasure experience in this regard is presented as an event of «world’s opening», «involvement to the world»; it presents a wide range of subject intentionality. The article emphasizes that the experience of pleasure is not a single thing, but it varies depending on the configuration of the living world. A man knows the “pleasure principle” owing to experiences of fun, joy, lust, happiness; all these states transmit various shades of hedonic experiences.

Phenomenological approach to the analysis of pleasure operates in line with the approaches, which reveal the influence of emotions on human knowledge and understanding of the world, the interdependence of cognitive acts and bodily-sensual nature of man. The article considers phenomenological interpretations of pleasure by H.-G.Gadamer, J.-P. Sartre, R. Barthes, etc.

Keywords: 
pleasure experience, life world, human consciousness and its configurations, the phenomenal nature of emotions, values of society, the role of emotions in the learning process
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