Thought experiment more geometrico

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Myslennyy eksperiment more geometrico
Author(s): 
Daria Drozdova
National Research University – Higher School of Economics
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 49)
Pages: 
43-47
Abstract: 

Thought experiments can be used in various ways. A part of them seems to have a special epistemic value: they can give us a new, unknown information about reality. One of the most famous thought experiments of that kind is the thought experiment of Galileo which demonstrates that two bodies of the same kind should fall with the same speed. However, an analysis of this argument shows that it is based on several ontological presuppositions. Therefore it’s not the thought experiment itself that has a significance, but its correspondence to real experience.

Keywords: 
thought experiment, Galileo, Borelli
References: 

Borelli G. A Borelli’s on the Movement of Animals: On the Natural Motions Resulting from Gravity, trans. by P. Maquet. Cham: Springer, 2015. 220 p.

Brown J.R. The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences. London: Routledge, 1991. 177 p.

Galileo. Izbrannie Trudy [Selected works], vol. 2. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1964. 572p.

Gendler T. Sz. Thought Experiment: On the Powers and Limits of Imaginary Cases. New York: Garland Pub, 2000. 280 p.

Popper K. On the use and misuse of imaginary experiments, especially in Quantum Theory. In: Popper K. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson, 1959, pp. 442–456.

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