On gnoseological and ontological meaning of thought experiment

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Transliteration of original Title: 
O gnoseologicheskoy i ontologicheskoy funktsiyakh myslennogo eksperimenta
Author(s): 
Igor Nevvazhay
Saratov State Law Academy
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 49)
Pages: 
28-35
Abstract: 

Author discusses the possibility of thought experiment to produce a priori knowledge. Author analyzes some arguments which come from the critics of a priori. In this paper he examines the ontological and epistemological role of thought experiment in natural science and humanities. Author claims that the concept of ‘apriorism’ should be considered as a crucial point for classical understanding of cognition, especially within the empiricism and rationalism tradition. However, nowadays ‘apriorism’ loses its epistemological meaning within some modern epistemological traditions.

Keywords: 
a priori, thought experiment, knowledge, imagination, epistemology
References: 

Nevvazhay I.D. Complementarity of constructivism and realism in epistemology [Vzaimodopolnitelnost constructivisma i realisma in epistemologii]. Epistemology & Philosophy of Science, 2015, no. 1, vol. 43, pp. 83–97. (In Russian)

Porus V. N. Aposteriori i apriori [Aposteriori and apriori]. Novaya philosophskaya encyclopedia [New encyclopedia of philosophy], vol.1. Moscow: Mysl’ Publ., 2010. pp. 151. (In Russian)

Tsokolov S. Diskurs radicalnogo constructivisma. Tradicii scepticisma v sovremennoi philosophii i theorii posnania. [Radical constructivism discourse. Skepticism tradition in contemporary philosophy and theory of knowledge]. München: PHREN, 2000. 332 p. (In Russian)

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