Dilemma of psychologism and anti-psychologism

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Dilemma psikhologizma i antipsikhologizma
Author(s): 
Valentin Bazhanov
Ulyanovsk State University
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 49)
Pages: 
6-16
Abstract: 

The article deals with the dramatic opposition of psychologism and anti-psychologism. Due to the evident success of classical branches of mathematical logic in XX century psychologism was eliminated for its conceptual insufficiency. However, non-classical logics and recent neuroscience vigorous development have contributed to the renaissance of psychologism. Author makes an attempt to analyze the reasons for the revival of psychologism and some prospects for keeping its leading position among the other modern cognitive science conceptions. Author claims that the revival of psychologism is closely connected with current neuropsychological studies. The ontogenetic mechanisms of acquisition of socio-cultural experiences by defining the general principles of the construction and configuration of neural circuits of the brain are responsible for the shaping of psychological organization and the nature of the cognitive activity. An analysis of the epigenetic landscape of different people and cultures makes it possible to use the notion of social psychologism. This notion is aimed to reflect some cognitive qualities in their connection with the epigenetic features of certain social communities

Keywords: 
psychologism, anti-psychologism, neuroscience, naturalism
References: 

Bazhanov V.A. Sovremennaja kul’turnaja nejronauka i priroda subjekta poznanija: logiko-jepistemologicheskie izmerenija [Modern neuroscience and comprehension of subject of cognition nature in logico-epistemology studies].Epistemology & Philosophy of Science, 2015, no. 3, pp. 133–149. (In Russian)

Boone W., Piccinini G. The Cognintive Neuroscience Revolution. Synthese, 2016, vol. 193, pp. 1509–1534.

Chater N., Christiansen M. Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution. Cognitive Science, 2010, vol. 34, pp. 1131–1157.

De Vos J. The Death and the Resurrection of [Psy]critique: The Case of Neuroeducation. Foundations of Science, 2016, vol. 21, no. 1, pр. 129–145.
Fromm E. Anatomia Chelovecheskoy Destruktivnosti [The Anatomy ofHuman Destructiveness]. Moscow: AST Publ., 2007. 624 p. (In Russian)

Gabbay D., Woods J. The New Logic. Logic Journal of IGPL, 2001, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 141–174.

Haack S. Philosophy of Logics. Cambridge: Cambridge University press, 1978. 296 p.

Hanna R. Rationality and Logic. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006. 344 p.

Heinz Ch. Psychologism and the Cognitive Foundations of Mathematics. Philosophia Scientiae, 2005, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 41–59.
Iacobini M. Neuroscience Will Change Society. [ https://www.edge.org/ q2007/q07_8.html#iacoboni, acсessed 18.05.2016].

Jacquette D. Preface. Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism. N.Y., Boston, Dordrecht, L., Moscow: Kluwer Academic Publ., 2003, pp. 9–11.

Boston, Dordrecht, L., Moscow: Kluwer Academic Publ., 2003, pp. 9–11.

Jacquette D. Psychologism the Philosophical Shibboleth. Philosophy and Rhetoric, 1997, vol. 30, pp. 312–331.

Kinzler K.D., Spelke E.S. Core Systems in Human Cognition. Progress in Brain Research. Ed. by Von Hofsen C., Rosander K. 2007, vol. 164, pp. 257–264.

Kusch M. Psychologism (2015). [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ psychologism, acсessed 19.05.2016].

Lehan-Streisel V. Why Philosophy Needs Logical Psychologism. Dialogue, 2012, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 575–586.

Macnamara J., Reyes G.E. (eds.) The Logical Foundation of Cognition. N.Y. Oxford University press, 1994. 384 p.

Nisbett R.E. A psychological perspective: cultural psychology – past, present, and future. In: S. Kitayama, D. Cohen (eds.) Handbook of cultural psychology, 2007, pp. 837–846.

Pelletier F., Elio R., Hanson P. Is Logic All in Our Heads? From Naturalism to Psychologism. Studia Logica, 2008, vol. 85, pp. 1–65.

Pitt D. Intentional Psychologism. Philosophical Studies, 2009, vol. 146, pp. 117–138.

Popova V.S. Psikhologizm kak logiko-metodologicheskaia problema: istoricheskie korni v russkoi filosofii nachala XX veka i sovremennoe znachenie [Psychologism as a Logico-Methodological Problem: Historical Roots In Russian Philosophy of the Early XX century and its Modern Significance). Psikhologiia i psikhotekhnika, 2015, no. 5, pp. 570–577 (In Russian)

Rizzolatti G., Craighero L. Language and Mirror Neurons. Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2009, pp. 771–785.

Sorina G.V. Proekt “psihologizm – antipsihologizm” v metateoreticheskom kontekste [“Psychologism and Antipsychologism” Project in Metatheoretical Context]. Ratio.ru, 2012, no. 8, pp. 20–45. (In Russian)

Thagard P. Computational Philosophy of Science. Cambridge (Mass.), L.:The MIT Press, 1993. 257 p.

Full Text: