THE PROBLEM OF THE “THIRD WORLD” IN CONTEMPORARY EPISTEMOLOGY

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Problema «tret'ego mira» v sovremennoy epistemologii
Author(s): 
Georgy Levin
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 39)
Pages: 
96-110
Abstract: 

K.Popper names the first the natural world existing behind borders of human consciousness, the second - the world of most this consciousness, and the third - the world of spiritual and material products of human activity, i.e. that E.V.Ilenkov includes in sphere of the ideal world. Popper considers as the pioneer of the third world Platon. Its doctrine about eidoses means. In article this hypothesis is tested. It is with that end in view shown, that Platon in the doctrine about eidoses answers three questions: 1) what is a subject of theoretical knowledge? 2) where is it? 3) how the knowledge of it gets into our consciousness? The thesis is proved, that the modern doctrine about ontology of knowledge, distinguished, on the one hand, from most this knowledge, and, with another, from the objective reality reflected in it, is the lineal descendant doctrines about eidoses, and that Popper names the third world or the world of objective knowledge, represents real sphere of life, but essentially distinct from ontology theoretical knowledge and only connected with it. This communication is analyzed.

Keywords: 
Ideal object, intentionalitat, ontology, theoretical object, the theory, the third world, a clever place, the eidos, empirical object
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