DOUBLE HELIX OF LIFE TECHNOLOGIZATION

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Pavel Tischenko
Author(s): 
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 2 (Vol. 48)
Pages: 
51-53
Abstract: 

The author discusses B.G. Yudin’s image technoscience as having two contours, the external one dealing with science, business and society, and the internal one represented by laboratories. Together these two contours present a multidimensional net of relations between science and technology in conducting experiments, development of instruments (e.g. visualization tools), etc. The author argues that, in such a system, coordinated activity of the internal and the external contours is provided by a synergy of regulatory principles of truth, good and usefulness. He discusses a case of synthetic biology which, as he argues, demonstrates that the internal and external contours of technoscience undergo a process of technologization. Technologization is understood as a transition from research techniques to systematic use of technologies. Biotechnologies are claimed to have a double socio-biological helix network structure. Each network is formed as a kind of ad hoc “factory” and is aimed at solving specific research problems.

Keywords: 
technoscience, technique, technology, technologization of scientific research, standardization of measurements and products, research outsourcing, scientific factory, life technologization
References: 

Nowotny H., Testa G. Naked Genes: Reinventing the Human in the Molecular Age. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2010, p. 152.

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