PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE IN RUSSIA: FROM INTELLECTUAL HISTORY TO THE INSTITUTIONAL UPDATE

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Filosofiya nauki v Rossii: ot intellektual'noy istorii k sovremennoy institutsionalizatsii
Author(s): 
Ilya Kasavin
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Vladimir Porus
National Research University – Higher School of Economics
Issue number: 
No. 2 (Vol. 48)
Pages: 
6-17
Abstract: 

The article shows that Russian philosophical community is very sensitive towards the history and the current state of philosophy of science and of science studies, which are a subject matter of special interest by virtue of a dedicated space in the university education system. This status is also supported by its proximity to the international philosophical mainstream of the 20th century and its specific object, its connection with science. Philosophy of science at the same time retains some neutrality in relation to the dominant political ideology and proposes claims for an objective knowledge. History of philosophy of science, therefore, serves largely as a history of philosophical rationalism, and its prospects are determined by the strengthening of the role of science in modern culture. However, the modern existence of philosophy of science is undergoing substantial change and experiences a series of challenges. Among them there are the humiliation of intellectuals and scientists in society political voluntarism, mass consumption and the cult of mysticism. Under these conditions, a philosophical study of science and technology is forced to take on the challenges of social criticism and shape special civil institutions for self-preservation. Thus philosophy of science integrates the political, ethical and even social engineering components that allow for treating it as a hard core of interdisciplinary interaction of all socio-humanitarian disciplines.

Keywords: 
philosophy of science and technology, history, interdisciplinary, social criticism, education reform tradition, philosophical community
References: 

Gajdenko P. Evolution of the concept of science [Jevoljucija ponjatija nauki]. Moscow: Nauka, 1980. 568p.

Dühring E. Logik und Wissenschaftstheorie. Leipzig: Fues Verlag, 1878. 561p.

Losee J. A.  Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford: OUP, 1972. 328p.

Whewell, W. The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, founded upon their history. London, 1840. Hessen B.M. Socio-economic roots of Newton's mechanics. Moscow-Leningrad: GGTI, 1933. 79p.

Husserl E. Crisis of European Sciences and transcendental phenomenology (an introduction to phenomenological philosophy). [Die Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaften und die transzendentale Phänomenologie. Eine Einleitung in die phänomenologische Philosophie]. Moscow: Vladimir Dahl, 2004. 400p. 

Kasavin I.T., Pruzhinin B.I Philosophy of science [Filosofija nauki]. Jenciklopedija jepistemologii i filosofii nauki- Encyclopedia of epistemology and philosophy of science. Moscow: Kanon+ Reabilitacija, 2009. Pp.1061-1065.

Kasavin I.T. Philosophy of Science: unhappy daughter, happy stepdaughter? [Filosofija nauki: neschastnaja doch', schastlivaja padcherica?]. Epistemology & philosophy of science, 2006, vol.IX, no 3. P.5-14.

Kuznetsova N.I.  History and philosophy of science – the advantages of novelty upon "Decree". ["Istorija i filosofija nauki" - preimushhestva novizny "po dekretu"]. Epistemology & philosophy of science, 2010, vol. XXVI, no. 4. Pp. 119-134.

Oiserman T.I. Metaphilosophy (theory of the historical philosophical process). Oiserman T.I. Selected works. Vol. 5. Moscow: Nauka, 2014. 440p.

Porus V.N. Philosophy of science as the offshore zone of Soviet philosophy. [Filosofija nauki kak offshornaja zona sovetskoj filosofii]. Problemy i diskussii v filosofii Rossii vtoroj poloviny XX v.: sovremennyj vzgljad  - Problems and discussions in philosophy of Russia in the second half of the 20th century: a modern view. Ed. by V. A. Lektorsky. Moscow: ROSPAN, 2014. Pp. 137-156.

Porus V.N. Philosophy of Science for PhD students: experimentum crucis. [Filosofija nauki dlja aspirantov: experimentum crucis]. Epistemology & philosophy of science, 2007, vol. XIV, no. 4. Pp. 63-79.

Rozov M.A. Theory of social relays and the problem of knowledge analysis. [Teorija social'nyh jestafet i problema analiza znanija]. Teorija social'nyh jestafet. Istorija, idei, perspektivy - Theory of social relays. History, ideas, perspectives. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk State University, 1997. 336p.

Rozov M.A. Theory of social relays and problems of epistemology. [Teorija social'nyh jestafet i problemy jepistemologii]. Moscow: New chronograph, 2008. 430p.

Svasjan K. The Formation of European science. [Stanovlenie evropejskoj nauki]. Yerevan: AS Armenia publ., 1990. 448p.