ON THE WAY TO TRANSHUMANISM

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Na podstupakh k transgumanizmu
Author(s): 
Lyudmila Markova
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Science
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 47)
Pages: 
170-187
Abstract: 

Social Epistemology today is argued to allow an adequate formulation of questions for exploring the issues in the process of scientific cognition. A formulation of such questions is claimed to have been impossible in the framework of classical thinking. One such issue is claimed to be the theme of transhumanism which moved from the realm of science fiction to the sphere of rational discussion. The author argues that today philosophers and scientists are discussing the question whether material objects, both natural and man-made, can think. Obviously, the author continues, we cannot assume that the thinking of man-made devices is human. Material carriers of programs also differ radically by the type of their materiality from the human body and brain. But, the man is also changing in his communication with the machine, adapting to it. The process of thinking itself is argued to have become different, especially given that an increasing number of organs of the human body are now replaced with artificial ones. The author states that today one of the central problems of philosophy is what would result from such humanization of machines and mechanization of humans. This problem is argued to be open. 

Keywords: 
Transhumanism, artificial intellect, material carrier, human brain and body, man-made surrounding, society, nature, technology, science, scientific result, creativity
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