COMMUNICATION AS AN EPISTEMIC PROBLEM

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Kommunikaciya kak jepistemicheskaja problema
Author(s): 
Alexander Antonovski
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 47)
Pages: 
5-24
Abstract: 

The author analyses the problem of the communication from the epistemological point of view, noting that the interest to the theme is obviously determined by the enormous ambiguity and by the disciplinary vagueness of the communication's notion itself.

It is argued that it is the philosophical conceptualization of the communication that allows in a certain sense to "save" philosophy itself. The author notes that the philosophical studies of communication as if return the relevance to the classical philosophical problems: to the (communicative) sphere, (communicative) time, (social) causality, (collective) subject and object, filling them with the meaningful characteristics and testing their concepts by the experience of the functioning of real society and communication.

It is concluded that the epistemological content of the communication's concept is mated with several aspects of human cognition. Firstly, the author is talking about the adequacy's definition of the Other's statement. then the reconstruction of such statement is difficult (and maybe even impossible) under the conditions of the unavailability of Other's consciousness. Secondly, the problem of communication is related to the principle of the double purpose of any communication, oriented, on the one hand, on the integration and mutual understanding and agreement, and, on the other hand, on the informational description of the subject of the message.

Thirdly, communication is based on the most important epistemological distinction between knowledge and ignorance, i.e. on the predominance of any information to one participant of the communication and of its uncertainty to another participant, and that situation actually
provokes the formation of the communication systems and of a wide variety of the sociality's forms.

The author also wonders whether the contemporary media make possible the communication where the secrecy of the Other's consciousness would cease to be a major challenge and trigger of a communicative act.

Keywords: 
communication, collective agent, the Other, knowledge
References: 

Aristotel'. Metafizika. Kniga VI, glava I (Aristotle. Metaphisics. Book 6, chapter 1). Aristotel'. Sochinenija v chetyreh tomah (Aristotle. Collected papers). Vol. 1. Moscow, 1975.

Aristotel'. Topika, kniga VI, glava VI (Aristotle. Topics. Book 6, chapter 6). Aristotel'. Sochinenija v chetyreh tomah (Aristotle. Collected papers). Vol.2. Moscow, 1978, pp.471-478.

Ashby W. R. An Introduction to Cybernetics. London: Chapman and Hall Ltd., 1957.

Ashby W. R. Requisite Variety and its Implications for the Control of Complex System. Cybernetica, 1958, № 1, vol.2. pp.83-99.

Baecker D. Kommunikation. Leipzig:  Reclam Verlag, 2005.

Baecker D.  Form und Formen der Kommunikation. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhkamp, 2007.

Bahtin M. Problemy pojetiki Dostojevskogo.(Bakhtin M. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics). Moscow, 1972.

Bahtin M. Slovo o romane (Bakhtin M. One word about the novel). Bahtin M.Voprosy literatury i jestetiki. Izbrannye raboty (Bakhtin M. Problems of literature and aesthetics. Selected papers). Moscow, 1975.

Bibler V.S. Kul'tura. Dialog kul'tur (opyt opredelenija) (Culture. Cultural dialogue. An attempt of definition). Vosprosy filosofii – Problems of philosophy, 1989, no.6, pp.31-42.

Buber M. Ya I ti (Ich und Du). Dva obraza very. Sbornik Rabot - Two types of faith. Collected papers. Moscow, 1995, pp.16-92.

Dewey J. Experience and Nature. London: George Allen And Unwin, Limited, 1929, p. 135.

D'jui Dzh. Obshhestvo i ego problemy (Dewey J. The public and its problems). Moscow, 2002, p.156.

Ebner F. Das Wort und die geistigen Realitäten. Pneumatologische Fragmente 1921. Wien: Herder Verlag, 1952.

Foerster H. Cybernetics of Cybernetics: The Control of Control and the Communication of Communication. Minneapolis: Future Systems, 1974.

Foerster H. v. Understanding Understanding: Essays on Cybernetics and Cognition. New York: Springer, 2002.

Glasersfeld E. v. Radical constructivism. A Way of Knowing and learning. London, Washington D.C.: The Falmer Press, 1995. 

Habermas J. Moral'noe soznanie i kommunikativnoe dejstvie (Moralbewusstsein und kommunikatives handeln). Saint-Petersburg, 2001.

Habermas J. Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1985.

Hajdegger M. Bytie i vremja (Heidegger M. Sein und Zeit). Moscow, 1997, p.57.

Heider F. Ding und Medium. Berlin: Kadmos Kulturverlag, 2005.

James W. Principles of Psychology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952, p. 187. 

Kuajn U. Slovo i ob’ekt (Quine W. Word and object). Moscow, 2000.

Kusliy P.S. Aspekty vnutrennego mira i semantika estestvennogo jazyka (Aspects of the inner world and the semantics of natural language). Jepistemologija i filosofija i nauki – Epistemology and philosophy of science. 2014, no.1, vol. 42, pp. 44-50.

Lasswell H. Propaganda, communication and public order. Princeton University Press, 1946.

Levinas E. Put' k Drugomu. Sbornik statej i perevodov, posvjashhennyj 100-letiju so dnja rozhdenija Je. Levinasa (Path to the Other. Collection of articles and translations dedicated to the 100th anniversary since the birth of E. Levinas). Saint-Petersburg, 2006.

Loewenthal L. Humanität und Kommunikation.  Literatur und Massenkultur. Frankfrurt a.M.: Suhrkamp. 1980. S. 358.

Luhmann, 1995 - Luhmann N. Gesellschaftsstruktur und Semantik: Studien zur Wissenssoziologie der modernen Gesellschaft. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp. Bd. 1-5. 1995.

Luman N. Obshhestvo kak social'naja sistema (Luhmann N. Soziale Systeme). Moscow, 2004.

Marinet, 1982 - Martinet A. Elements of general linguistics. University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Mead G. H. The Objective Reality of Perspectives .Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Philosophy. New York. 1926. P. 75-85.

Myers F. H. W. Human Personality and its Survival of Death. London: Longmans, 1903.

Myers F. H. W. Human Personality and its Survival of Death. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1903.

Ogden, Richards, 1923 - Ogden C. K., Richards I. A. The Meaning of Meaning. A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1923.

Ostin Dzh. Kak proizvodit' dejstvija pri pomoshhi slov (Austin J.L. How to do Things with Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955, 1962). Ostin Dzh. Izbrannoe – Austin J.L. Selected Papers. Moscow, 1999.

Rosenzweig F. Sprachdenken im Übersetzen. 1.Band Jehuda Halevi Fünfundneunzig Hymnen und Gedichte Deutsch und Hebräisch. Der Mensch und sein Werk. Gesammelte Schriften. Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1983.

Rozenshtok-Hjussi O. Rech' i dejstvitel'nost' (Rosenstock-Huessy E. Speech and Reality). Moscow, 2008.

Schuetz A. The Phenomenology of the Social World. Northwestern University Press. 1967.

Shannon C. E., Weaver W. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Urbana: The University of Illinois Press, 1964

Sossjur F. Kurs obshhej lingvistiki (Saussure F. Écrits de linguistique générale). Ekaterinburg, 1999.

Varela F., Maturana H. Ethical Know-How: Action, Wisdom, and Cognition. Stanford University Press, 1999.

Full Text: