IN SEARCH OF MECHANISMS OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE EVOLUTION

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Transliteration of original Title: 
V poiskah mehanizmov jevoljucii nauchnogo znanija
Author(s): 
Elena Mamchur
Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 4 (Vol. 46)
Pages: 
145-162
Abstract: 

Multiple discussions on the mechanisms of interaction between scientific knowledge and socio-cultural context have brought no results. The question - “what type of interaction between culture and science is being realized - socio-cultural determination or (more feeble) socio-cultural conditionality” - remains open. The author suggests an alternative sоlution: speaking of the interaction between science and culture one should consider the idea of synchronicity introduced by C.G Jung. Jung defined synchronicity as a third type of interrelation between various phenomena: it is neither causal nor purely accidental, but rather a meaningful  interconnection of events. As a сase-study, the paper considers  the role of synchronicity in the transition from Aristotle’s understanding of space to its galileo-newtonian interpretation that played  a key role in the emergence of new physics.

A special attention is given to the role of synchronicity in evolution of  contemporary  physics.

Keywords: 
causality, acausality, synchronicity, topos (Aristotle), space (Galileo-Newtonian physics), void space, parallelism of ideas in the system of culture, evolution of scientific knowledge
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DOI: 
10.5840/eps201546458
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