Publication Type:


Transliteration of original Title: 
Vzaimodopolnitelnost contructivisma i realizma v epistemologii
Igor Nevvazhay
Saratov State Law Academy
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 43)

In this paper limitation of alternative concepts of knowledge, constructivism and realism, is analyzed. Necessity of their complementarity is grounded. The core of controversy between constructivism and realism is a belief about “the given”. I follow R. Rorty who considers two meanings of a notion of “the given”: “making” and “finding”. I show that these different meanings of concept of “the given” are connected with different types of subject consciousness activity. Together with intentional ability of consciousness I consider responsive ability. Both abilities were a subject of phenomenological analysis (E. Husserl, A. Reinach, B. Waldenfels). I proof that there are certain connections between intentionality and interpretative function of knowledge, on the one hand, and between responsiveness and expressive function of consciousness, on the other hand. Developing the communicative concept of knowledge I show the meaning of cognitive cycles "interpretation-expression" in the process of knowledge. Consideration of cognitive process as a semiotic one allows to show that interpretation is provided by such kind of basic function of sign as indication, and expression is provided by the other function of sign as substitution, or presentation. I show that complementary of interpretation and expression is a consequence of two processes – finding a name and making a meaning. The conclusion about complementary of interpretation and expression leads to a belief about cognition cultures and their types. I show a place of constructivism and realism in the context of typology of cognition cultures.

constructivism, realism, intentionality, responsiveness, interpretation, expression, cognition culture

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