EMPIRICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE DISCUSSION OF EXTRASENSORY PERCEPTION

Publication Type:

Language:

Transliteration of original Title: 
Empiricheskie osnovaniya diskussii ob ekctrasensornom vospriyatii
Author(s): 
Vadim Osipov
Omsk State Technical University
Issue number: 
No. 4 (Vol. 42)
Pages: 
171-191
Abstract: 

There are non-existential hypotheses in theoretical system defended by parapsychologists and by skeptics. Skeptics argue that there is no extrasensory perception. Parapsychologists maintain that the experimental procedures eliminate the sensory channels of information transmission (i.e., there are no sensory channels). These non-existential hypotheses are impossible to substantiate other than by means of inductive inference, which doesn’t have the force of logical necessity. Therefore, both the proof of extrasensory perception existence and extrasensory perception non-existence are not final.

In order to prove extrasensory perception existence parapsychologists need at least one experiment with a positive result. To get the parity, skeptics have to prove the existence of sensory channels in all the experiments, where unexplained statistical anomalies had been discovered.

While processing the empirical data to which parapsychologists and skeptics appeal, we find out that the parapsychologists get statistically significant empirical data that confirm the extrasensory perception existence. Whereas the skeptics are enable to provide the empirical evidence of sensory channels existence.

Keywords: 
Extrasensory perception, existential hypothesis, non-existential hypothesis, singular statements, basic statements, falsification, verification, synthetic inductive inference, empirical evidence, reproducibility, Karl Popper, Ingo Swann, Pavel Stepanek, C
References: 

Abačiev S. K. “Podlinnaya nauka i spekuljativnaja psevdonauka” (“Genuine science and pseudoscience speculative”). V zaščitu nauki (In Defense of Science). Moscow, 2008. Bul. no. 3.

Bechtereva N. P. Magija mozga i labirinty žizni (Magic Spell of the Brain & Labyrinths of Life). Saint Petersburg, 1999. 299 p.

Efremov U. N., Poliščuk R. F. «Gosudarstvo i lžhenauka» («State and pseudoscience»). V zaščitu nauki (In Defense of Science). Moscow, 2006. Bul. no. 1. Available at: http://www.ras.ru/digest/fdigestlist/bulletin.aspx

Gardner M. How Not to Test a Psychic: Ten Years of Remarkable Experiments with Pavel Stepanek. N. Y., 1989.

Ivin A. A. Logika: učebnik dlja gumanitarnyx fakul’tetov (Logic: a textbook for the humanities). Moscow, 2002. Available at: http://psylib.org.ua/books/ivina01/txt14.htm

Il’in V. V. Filosofija: učebnik: V 2 t. T. 1. (Philosophy: the textbook: In two volumes. Vol. 1). Rostov-on-Don, 2006.

Klepinin D. A. Osnovy gipnologii: učebnoe posobie (Hypnology Basics: Tutorial). Moscow, 2007.

Lektorskij V. A. “Naučnoe i vnenaučnoe myšlenie: skolzjaščaja granica” (“Scientific and extra-scientific thinking: moving boundary”). Naučnye i vnenaučnye formy myšlenija. Simpozium. (Moskva, 4-9 aprelja 1995 g). (Scientific and non-scientific forms of thought. Symposium. (Moscow, 4-9 April 1995)). Moscow-Kiel, 1996. Available at: http://philosophy.ru/iphras/library/ruspaper/LEKTORS1.htm

Martišina N. I. Kognitivnye osnovanija paranauki: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra filos. nauk: 09.00.01 – Ontologija i teorija poznanija (Cognitive bases of parascience: abstract of dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy: 09.00.01 - Ontology and knowledge theory). Omsk, 1997.

Nils O. Jacobson, M. D. Life Without Death? N. Y., 1974.

Osipov V. E. Problema ekstrasensornogo vosprijatija v svete metodologii Karla Poppera (The Problem of ESP in the Light of the Karl Popper's Methodology). Nauka, obrazovanie, biznes: Materialy Vserossijskoj nauč.-prakt. konf. Učenyx, prepodavatelej, aspirantov, studentov, specialistov promyšlennosti i svjazi, posvjaščennoj Dnju radio (Science, education, business: All-Russian scientific-practical conference of scientists, teachers, graduate students, industry- and communication professionals, devoted to Radio Day). Omsk, 2013. Available at: http://jose.narod.ru/ESP_problem_in_the_light_of.pdf

Popper K. Logika naučnogo issledovanija (Karl Popper. The Logic of Scientific Discovery). Moscow, 2004.

Ricl M. Parapsihologija: Fakty i mnenija (Milan Ryzl. Parapsychologie – Tatsachen Und Ausblicke). Lviv, 1999. 368 p.

Rýzl M., Rýzlová J. A Case of High-Scoring ESP Performance in the Hypnotic State. The Journal of Parapsychology. 1962. Sept. P. 153–171.

Sedov E. A. Odna fomula i ves’ mir. Kniga ob èntropii (One fomula and the whole world. A book about entropy). Moscow, 1982. 176 p.

Sidorenko E. V. Metody matematičeskoj obrabotki v psixologii (Mathematical Methods in Psychology). Saint Petersburg, 2007. 350 p.

Sokolova E. Ekstrasensy na službe specslužhb (Psychics in the Service of the Security Services). Available at: http://www.virtualern.com/new_page_110.htm

Surdin V. G. «Recenzija na knigu G.N. Dul’neva “V poiskax Tonkogo mira…”» («The book review of „Finding the Subtle World...“ by Gennady Dulnev»). V zaščitu nauki (In Defense of Science). Moscow, 2006. Bul. No.1. Available at: http://www.ras.ru/digest/fdigestlist/bulletin.aspx

Targ R. The reality of ESP: a physicist’s proof of psychic abilities. Wheaton, Illinois; Chennai, India, 2012. P. 30–33.

The Ingo Swann 1973 Remote Viewing probe of the planet Jupiter. Available at: http://www.thelivingmoon.com/44cosmic_wisdom/01documents/Ingo_Swann_Remo...

Thouless, Robert Henry (1894–1984). Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology: In Two Volumes. Vol. 2. Detroit; N.Y.; San Francisco; L.; Boston; Woodbridge, CT: Gale Group, 2001. P. 1568.

Tom-Pierre Frappé-Sénéclauze. La parapsychologie à la lumière de Popper: science ou pseudo-science? Une étude appliquée du critère de démarcation poppérien. Québec, 1998. Available at: http://psiland.free.fr/savoirplus/theses/la_parapsychologie_a_la_lumiere...

Vasil’ev L. L. Vnušenie na rasstoyanii (Zametki fiziologa) (Suggestion at a distance (Notes of physiologist)). Moscow, 1962. Available at: http://www.phantastike.com/link/unknown/vnushenie_na_rasstoyanii.zip

Wynn, Charles M. Quantum leaps in the wrong direction: where real science ends and pseudoscience begins. Washington, 2001.

Xalturin Ju. L. Russian positivists for mediumistic table, or the relativity of the concept of «pseudoscience» (Russkie pozitivisty za mediumističeskim stolom, ili ob otnositel’nosti ponjatija «psevdonauka»). Èpistemologija i filosofija nauki – Epistemology & Philosophy of Science, 2009, no.4, pp. 171–183.

Xènzel Č. Parapsixologija (C. E. Hansel. ESP: A Scientific Evaluation). Moscow, 1970. 320 p.