LOSS OF SELF: CLINICAL PHENOMENA OR NEW CULTURAL NORM?

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Utrata Ya: klinika ili novaya kul'turnaya norma?
Author(s): 
Elena T. Sokolova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 41)
Pages: 
191-209
Abstract: 

In the conditions of “ambiguity” of postindustrial society, social traumas and global social transformations of our time the narcissistic “part” of contemporary Russian identity is charged with ambitions, perfectionism, grandiosity, rejects continuance of traditions, limits, generally accepted rules and many moral taboos. It is egocentric, not burdened with the feelings of duty and responsibility, prefers “the positive” and values self-expression, takes changes exclusively as entertainment. The diffuse “parts” of its self-identity are motivationally exhausted, passive, hostile and unkind, depressive, they lack the resourceful potential for development and are “bound” with superficial understandings of traditional patriarchal attitudes and paternalism: they are afraid of changes and try to avoid them, are dependent upon strong power and “idolize” it, prefer to “cling” to the existing situation despite common discontent with the conditions and quality of life. It is obvious that the content of Russian mentality “falls behind” the dynamic social changes and constantly “regresses”: the aim of retention of permanence (or even the return to the previous social-cultural identity) and the defense from negatively appraised, unfriendly and aggressively intruding Western civilization is still important to it. The issue of the development of the “mobile” aspects of identifications that answer the rapidly changing conditions of Russian society in global world shifts to periphery. We offer the clinical interpretation of today’s condition of Russian social consciousness, the integrity of which is “deficient”, “split”, with its “fragments” involved in mutual antagonism as the cooperation and solidarity seize to exist. We underline the necessity of multidisciplinary research of the process of social evolvement and disintegration of self-identity as the unity of relationships “I – the Other” with the apparatuses of the allied sciences – social epistemology, clinical and social psychology.

Keywords: 
contemporary Russian identity self-identity, social cataclysms, social trauma, ambiguity, identity diffusion, narcissism, “fragmentation”, “splitting”, “stable instability”, hostility, animosity
References: 

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