FROM METHODOLOGY OF HISTORY TO THE THEORY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE (FROM THE LECTURES OF ACADEMIC A. S. LAPPO-DANILEVSKY)

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Ot metodologii istorii k teorii obščestvovedenija (iz lekcij akademika A.S. Lappo-Danilevskogo)
Author(s): 
Alexey Malinov
Saint Petersburg State University
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 41)
Pages: 
157-171
Abstract: 

The author discusses the philosophical views of Academician Alexander Sergeyevich Lappo-Danilevsky (1863 - 1919) on the basis of the fragments of the course on the methodology of Russian history. It is argued that according to Lappo-Danilevsky the methodology of history should imply, above all, the theory of historical knowledge, which should reveal the epistemological foundations of the science of history, as well as show how the historian, perceiving reality inaccessible to direct observation, is able to come to the truth. The author shows (by extensively quoting previously unpublished works Lappo-Danilevsky, that a central place in Lappo-Danilevsky’s is assigned to historical phenomenology, forms the historical givens, historical phenomena, and not to facts.
It is also shown that Lappo-Danilevsky believed that the methodology of history should serve the development and clarification of more general principles of socio-humanities or «theories of social science». In his «theory of social science» special place was given to the problem of «another I» or recognizing the existence of the psychic life of the Other. For Lappo-Danilevsky to formulate a «theory of social science» meant to answer the question of how given the content of our individual «I» we can come to a real recognition of the existence of other individual consciousnesses. The main purpose of his lectures Lappo-Danilevsky saw not in a dogmatic exposition of his teaching, but in independent thinking and in awakening of his listeners.
The text contains fragments of the lecture notes of Lappo-Danilevsky.

Keywords: 
Lappo-Danilevsky, methodology, history, analysis, phenomenon, social studies
References: 

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