ALEXANDRE KOYRÉ, THE DISCIPLE OF EMILE MEYERSON: ON IMMUTABILITY AND HISTORICITY OF HUMAN REASON

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Aleksandr Kojre, učenik Èmilja Mejersona: neizmennost' i istoričnost' čelovečeskogo razuma
Author(s): 
Daria Drozdova
Postgraduate student, National Research University Higher School of Economics
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 31)
Pages: 
192-206
Abstract: 

The article analyses the link between the famous French epistemologists Emile Meyerson and his younger friend and disciple, historian of science Alexandre Koyré. Koyré is known primarily for his research in the history of the scientific thought; his main interest was to grasp the moments of the transformation of rational structures in history. Nevertheless, the author argues that Alexandre Koyré in some measure accepts Emile Meyerson’s claim on the immutability of human reason that constitutes the central point of Meyerson’s epistemology. But within rationality in general he distinguishes the immutable core that is constituted by the logical laws of reasoning and the outer level of “mentality” which is subjected to the historical changes and transformations.

Keywords: 
Mind, history, logic, mentality, French historical epistemology, Brunschvicg, Lévy-Bruhl, Meyerson, Koyré
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