ON TRANSFORMING THE IMITATIVE FUNCTION OF ART BY MEANS OF SCIENCE

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Transliteration of original Title: 
O preobrazovanii podrazhatel'noy funktsii iskusstva sredstvami nauki
Author(s): 
Ivan Kuzin
Saint Petersburg State University
Issue number: 
No. 2 (Vol. 40)
Pages: 
138-156
Abstract: 

The article discusses the connection between the so-called direct perspective which has become since the Renaissance a fundamental principle in painting and the formation of the Modern European scientific knowledge. During the Renaissance the development of direct perspective became a new medium to make clear the reality that has previously been turbid due to superstitions. This medium gradually become the content which called for new scientific and technical apparatus. The author discusses this connection in terms of the major paintings of the Renaissance and the central scientific principles of the Modern Era and on the material of the leading works in art theory and history (E. Panofsky, B. Raushenbah, P. Francastel, H. Damisch) and philosophy of art (P. Florenskij, E. Gilson). He finds parallels in his comparative analysis with N. Luhmann’s conception of medium being the message. The author argues that a surface realization of the principle of naturalism (mimesis and, ultimately, technicism) aimed at accurate reproduction of reality results in moving away from similarity with things. Only rationalizational work of thought is not enough to create a work of art.

Keywords: 
science, painting, direct prospect, imitation, mass art, equipment, present, rationality, person.
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