THE FEATURES OF EXPERIMENT IN NONCLASSICAL SCIENCE

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Osobennosti èksperimenta neklassičeskoj nauki
Author(s): 
Nadezhda Bryanik
Department of Philosophy, Ural State University
Issue number: 
No. 1 (Vol. 31)
Pages: 
108-124
Abstract: 

Distinctive signs and temporal borders of nonclassical science are examined in the article. Nonclassical  character  of basic subsystems of science ― natural, mathematical, social and humanitarian sciences ― is discussed. This character was formed in the first half of the XX century. The specific features of the experiment (basis of experience), inherent in all basic subsystems of science, are revealed. Among them there are such features as: a) the fundamental impossibility to eliminate the researching subject from the results of his/her experiment; b) admissibility of different approaches because of the multi-dimensional complexity and branching of any phenomenon to be investigated; c) presence in this variety of diametrically opposed approaches which are to be considered in accordance with the principle of complementarity.

Keywords: 
Nonclassical science, experiment, the subject, cognition
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