THE REFERENCE PROBLEM AS A PROBLEM OF EMPIRICAL CLASSIFICATION IN CLASSICAL SCIENCE

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Problema referentsii kak problema empiricheskoy klassifikatsii v klassicheskoy nauke
Author(s): 
Vasily Zuev
Novosibirsk State University
Issue number: 
No. 2 (Vol. 40)
Pages: 
96-109
Abstract: 

The reference problem as a problem of empirical classification is expressed in lack of rigid communication between names, essential signs and objects. Scientists do not put a problem of a reference, it is fixed in philosophical judgment of problems of empirical classification. Respectively, the problem of a reference can be put by philosophy of science and is turned to classical science for the purpose of comprehension by scientists of difficulties of classifying as corollaries of mechanisms of functioning of empirical classification. It would help to carry out transition from empirical classification to its more high-organized form – the theoretical classification, capable to remove and solve methodological problems of empirical classifying. Root of the problem is the idea of classical science of the existence objects regardless of knowledge and, accordingly, the necessary connection between the elements of knowledge (names and essential features) and objects. Linguistic philosophy considers the problem as a problem of language reference, considering the special syntax, semantics and pragmatics and logical means of resolving it. However, the scientific classification is not only a language, fixing the total set of items in the common names (universals), but also as a theory, which is built with respect to many items of theory as individualized objects. Contact name and object classification in the organization due to the peculiarities of the theoretical work. In taxonomic classification problem of reference due to regulatory rules of the organization work of scientists contributing a situational research in the situation and, ultimately, lead to the problem of stable reference.

Keywords: 
classical science, reference, external objects, theory of social relays, the structure of knowledge, program references, program representation.
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