METHODOLOGICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS OF PSYCHOLOGY IN THE SYSTEM OF VIEWS OF N.G. DEBOLSKY

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Metodologicheskie i filosofskie problemy psikhologii v sisteme vzglyadov N.G. Debol'skogo
Author(s): 
Irina Rebeschenkova
National University of mineral resources "Mining"
Issue number: 
No. 4 (Vol. 38)
Pages: 
190-204
Abstract: 

Multifaceted and rich theoretical heritage of N.G. Debolsky (1842-1918) - Russian philosopher, psychologist, educator - not yet sufficiently known, poorly understood and has not been adequately assessed. This article presents one of the recent attempts to fill this gap. It examines the evolution of Debolsky´s views in 1870 years on the methodological and philosophical problems of psychology. In this context, considers its evaluation activities of such psychologists and educators as: K.D. Kavelin, K.D. Ushinsky, W. Wundt and G. Spencer. Particular attention is paid to Debolsky´s discussion such methodological issues of psychology as questions about its scientific, its relationship with the philosophy (metaphysics) and natural science, its method, the object, structure, objectives and practical application. In addition, special emphasis Debolsky´s understanding the soul and its description of its main features. The article concludes his contribution to the psychology, the development its methodology and its history.

Keywords: 
psychology, methodological and philosophical problems of psychology, the method, the soul, the inner and outer worlds
References: 

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Debol'skiy N.G. “Russian psychological literature” («Russkaya psikhologicheskaya literatura. “Zadachi psikhologii” K. Kavelina»). Pedagogicheskiy sbornik (Pedagogical collection). 1872. no. 10. Pp. 910-943.

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