“INTERDISCIPLINARITY” AS A THEME OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

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Transliteration of original Title: 
«Mezhdistsiplinarnost'» kak tema filosofii nauki
Author(s): 
Vladimir Porus
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Issue number: 
No. 4 (Vol. 38)
Pages: 
5-15
Abstract: 

The article investigates the thematic content of the term “interdisciplinarity” in philosophy of science. The author presents the term “interdisciplinarity” as deeply rooted in discussions within theory of science and argues that it is in need of an adequate philosophical reflection. The object of philosophy of science is presented in terms of the nature and the development of methodological synthesis, introduction of new research objects within the interdisciplinary field of science that embraces the ontologies of particular disciplines. The author argues that philosophy of science makes a transition from the typology of interdisciplinary interactions to the “topology” of the interdisciplinary space, i.e. to the determination of complex non-linear connections among the changes that occur in the structure and in the content of particular disciplines. The theme of interdisciplinarity binds together methodology of science with sociology and psychology of scientific research. The author concludes that whereas a monodisciplinary knowledge about an object can be presented as a two-dimensional projection of this object, a multidisciplinary research every such projection is connected to other projections and the object is thus reconstructed in its multi-dimensional image via concrete methodological procedures (mutual translation of notions, methodological synthesis, elimination of incommensurability of meanings and others).

Keywords: 
science, interdisciplinarity, non-classical methodology, philosophy of science
References: 

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