ISSN 1811-833Х (Print)
ISSN 2311-7133 (Online)
Classical epistemology draws a sharp difference between the production and the distribution of knowledge. In the first case we deal with a new knowledge obtained by perceiving individual (generative knowledge), in the second – with a circulation of existing knowledge in society (transmissive knowledge). Not long ago, analytical philosophers have concluded that such a demarcation of generative and transmissive knowledge is burdened with serious problems. Many of them try to prove that the knowledge obtained as a result of the communication (testimony knowledge), has not the worst, and perhaps even more fundamental epistemic status. Did they gain here some new knowledge or just remembered something which has been already known earlier? The cognitive significance of communication though seems evident needs new arguments proving its irreducibility to the sense experience of a person, an independent content in terms of justification and credulity.
Adler J. Epistemological Problems of Testimony. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006. Available at: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/testimony-episprob/.
Adler J. Testimony, Trust, Knowing. The Journal of Philosophy 1994, XCI: 264–275.
Arendt H. Philosophy and politics (Filosofiya i politika). Istoriya filosofii. Vyp. 13. Moscow, 2008.
Bourdieu P. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge, 1977.
French C.A. Testimony as a Generative Source of Knowledge. A paper at the Manchester's Open Minds Conference, June 2008.
Gelfert A. Hume on Testimony Revisited. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy, Vol. 13 2010.
Gelfert A. Kant on Testimony. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14(4) 2006.
Green Ch. The Epistemic Parity of Testimony, Memory, and Perception. A dissertation. Notre Dame, 2006. Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1005782.
Heidegger M. Gesamtausgabe: Abt. 2: Vorlesungen, 1923-1944. Bd. 63. Ontologie (Hermeneutik der Faktizitat). Fr .a. M., 1988.
Heidegger M. Sein und Zeit. Tuebingen, 1993.
Kant I. Kritika chistogo razuma (Critique of pure reason). Moscow, 1998.
Kasavin I.T. David Hume: paradoxes of cognition (Devid Yum: paradoksy poznaniya). Voprosy filosofii, 2011, no. 3.
Kasavin I.T., Porus V.N. (eds.) Kommunikativnaya ratsional'nost' i sotsial'nye kommunikatsii (Communicative rationality and social communication). Moscow, 2012.
Lackey J. It Takes Two to Tango: Beyond Reductionism and Non-Reductionism in the Epistemology of Testimony. J. Lackey & E. Sosa (eds.). The Epistemology of Testimony. Oxford, 2006, pp. 160-89.
Lackey J. Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
Lackey J. Testimonial knowledge and transmission. The Philosophical Quarterly, 49 (197): 471-90, 1999.
Mamardashvili M.K. Formy i soderzhanie myshleniya (K kritike gegelevskogo ucheniya o formakh poznaniya) (The forms and the content of thinking). Moscow, 1968.
Martin L. Eskimo words for snow: A case study in the genesis and decay of an anthropological example. American Anthropologist, 1986, 88, 2 (June), 418-423.
Pullum G. K. The great Eskimo vocabulary hoax. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 1989, No. 7, pp. 275-281.