Publication Type:


Transliteration of original Title: 
O kognitivnom stile drevnegrecheskoy kul'tury (k postanovke problemy)
Vladimir Glebkin
Department of theory and history of world cultures, Moscow Gymnasium № 1514
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 37)

This study addresses the problem of cognitive development in phylogenesis. The concept of cognitive style of culture, or more exactly, the opposition “field_dependent – field_independent cognitive style” is the main methodological instrument for the analysis. The author argues that cognitive development from sympractical cultures to theoretical ones, and further within theoretical cultures, can be described as the emergence of novel cognitive modules which become less and less field_dependent. This statement is illustrated by parsing the Ancient Greek mathematics and historiography with the example of Euclid’s Elements and the historical treatises by Herodotus and Thucydides.

phylogenesis, cognitive development, sympractical cultures, theoretical cultures, cognitive modules

Witkin H., Moore C., Goodenough D., Cox P. Field-Dependent and Field-Independent Cognitive Styles and Their Educational Implications. Review of Educational Research, V. 47, no. 1, 1977, p. 15-16.

Barsalou L. Abstraction as Dynamic Interpretation in Perceptual Symbol Systems. Building object categories in developmental time.  Gershkoff-Stowe L., Rakison D. (eds). Mahwah, N.J., L., 2005.

Barsalou L. Grounded cognition. The Annual Review of Psychology. V.59, 2008.

Barsalou L. Perceptual symbol systems. Behavioral and brain sciences. V.22, 1999

Berzonsky M., Ondrako M. Cognitive Style and Logical Deductive Reasoning.. The Journal of Experimental Education. V. 43, no. 1, 1974.

Brown T. Herodotus and His Profession. The American Historical Review, V. 59, no.. 4, 1954.

Glebkin V. Hermeneutics and cognitive science: a preliminary approach. European Perspectives on Cognitive Science. Proceedings of the European Conference on Cognitive Science EuroCosSci2011. - Eds. Kokinov, B., Karmiloff-Smith, A., Nersessian, N. J. – Sophia, 2011, p.1-4.

Goldstone R., Landy D., Son J. The Education of Perception. Topics in Cognitive Science. V.2, no.2, 2010.

Hartog F. The Invention of History: The Pre-History of a Concept from Homer to Herodotus. History and Theory. V. 39, no. 3, 2000

Kitayama S., Duffy S., Uchida Y. Self as Cultural Mode of Being. Handbook of cultural psychology. Kitayama S., Cohen D. (eds.). N.Y., L., 2007. - P. 136-174.

Logan J. Cognitive Style and Reading. The Reading Teacher. V. 36, no. 7, 1983.

Markus H.R., Kitayama Sh. Culture and the Self: Implications for Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation. Psychological Review. V. 98, no. 2, 1991. – P. 224-253.

Nisbett R. E. The geography of thought: how Asians and Westerners think differently - and why.  N. Y, 2003.

Nisbett R. E., Peng K., Choi I., Norenzayan A. Culture and Systems of Thought: Holistic Versus Analytic Cognition. Psychological Review. V. 108, no. 2, 2001. – Р. 291-310.

Norenzayan A. Rule-based and experience-based thinking. PhD dissertation. University of Michigan, 1999.

Norenzayan A., Smith E., Kim B.J., Nisbett R.E. Cultural preferences for formal versus intuitive reasoning. Cognitive Science. V. 26, no. 5, 2002. - P. 653–684.

Piaget J., Garcia R. Psychogenesis and the history of science. N.J., 1976, p. 135-137.

Riding R., Rayner S. Cognitive styles and learning strategies: understanding style differences in learning and behaviour. L., 1998.

Riding R., Rayner S. Cognitive styles. Stamford, 2000.

Tomes Y. Cognitive style, achievement, and ethnicity: A study in higher education. Ph.D. dissertation. Richmond, Virginia, 2004.

Wallace W. Thucydides. Phoenix, V. 18, no. 4, 1964, p. 255.

Witkin H.A. A Cognitive-Style Approach to Cross-Cultural Research. International Journal of Psychology. V.2, no.4. – Р. 233-250.

Witkin H.A., Berry J.W. Psychological differentiation in cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. V.1, no. 6, 1975. – P. 4-87.


Adamar Zh. Issledovanie psikhologii protsessa izobreteniya v oblasti matematiki (Investigation into the psychology of the process of invention in the field of mathematics). Moscow, 1970.

Bychkov S.N. Genezis teoreticheskoy matematiki kak istoriko-nauchnaya i istoriko-filosofskaya problema (Genesis theoretical mathematical as a historico-scientific and historic-philosophical problem). Diss. … doktora filosofskikh nauk. MOSCOW, 2008.

Van der Varden B.L. Probuzhdayushchayasya nauka. Matematika Drevnego Egipta, Vavilona i Gretsii (The awakening science. The mathematics of the ancient Egypt, Babylon and Greece). MOSCOW, 1959.

Vygotskiy L.S. Myshlenie i rech'. Vygotskiy L.S. Sobranie sochineniy: V 6-ti t (Collected works in 6 vols.). vol. 2.  MOSCOW, 1982, pp. 118-184.

Gaydenko P.P. Evolyutsiya ponyatiya nauki (The evolution of the notion of science). MOSCOW, 1980, s. 163-254;

Glebkin V.V. “Primitive and traditional culture, the culture of Ancient Egypt, the culture of Ancient Mesopotamia” (“Pervobytnaya i traditsional'naya kul'tura, kul'tura Drevnego Egipta, kul'tura Drevney Mesopotamii”). Mir v zerkale kul'tury (The world in the mirror of culture). MOSCOW, 2000.

Glebkin V.V. Teoreticheskoe myshlenie kak kul'turno-istoricheskiy fenomen (The theoretical thinking as a cultural and historical phenomenon). Dissertatsiya … kandidata filosofskikh nauk. MOSCOW, 2002, pp. 64-148.

Glebkin V.V. “The number in Plotinus and Augustine” (“Chislo u Plotina i Avgustina”). Chislo (Number). MOSCOW, 2009, pp. 267-272.

Dovatur A.I. Povestvovatel'nyy i nauchnyy stil' Gerodota (The cognitive and scientific style of Herodotus). Leningrad, 1957, pp. 65-178.

Koul M. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya: nauka budushchego (Cultural-historical psychology: the science of the future). MOSCOW, 1997, pp. 194-203.

Koul M., Skribner S. Kul'tura i myshlenie (Culture and thinking). MOSCOW, 1977.

Krasnopol'skaya A.P. Sophistic argumentation: the ideal and the methodology. Sofisticheskaya argumentatsiya: ideal i metody. Mysl' (Thought), no. 6, 2006.

Losev A.F. Mif-Chislo-Sushchnost' (Myth-number-essence). MOSCOW, 1994, pp. 714-839.

Luriya A.R. Ob istoricheskom razvitii poznavatel'nykh protsessov (On the historical development of cognitive processes). MOSCOW, 1974.

Lur'e S.Ya. Gerodot (Herodotus). Moscow, Leningrad, 1947.

Merkulov I.P. Epistemologiya (kognitivno-evolyutsionnyy podkhod) (Epistemology (cognitive-evolutionalry approach). Vol.2. Saint Petersburg, 2006, pp. 353-365.

Piazhe Zh. “The psychology of intellect” (“Psikhologiya intellekta”). Piazhe Zh. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie trudy (Piaget J. Selected works in psychology). MOSCOW, 1994, pp. 174-225.

Rodin A.V. Matematika Evklida v svete filosofii Platona i Aristotelya. MOSCOW, 2003, c. 186-192.

Romanov V.N. Istoricheskoe razvitie kul'tury. Problemy tipologii (The historical development of culture: the problems of typology). MOSCOW, 1991, pp. 65-118.

Samukhin N.V., Birenbaum G.V., Vygotskiy L.S. “On the question of dimension during Pick’s desease” (“K voprosu o dementsii pri bolezni Pika”). Khrestomatiya po patopsikhologii (Patopsychology. A reader). MOSCOW, 1981.

Tul'viste P. Kul'turno-istoricheskoe razvitie verbal'nogo myshleniya (The cultural-historical development of the verbal thinking). Tallin, 1988.

Frumkina R. M., Mikheev A. V. ““Freedom” and “normativity” in experiments in free classification” («Svoboda» i «normativnost'» v eksperimentakh po svobodnoy klassifikatsii). Lingvisticheskie i psikholingvisticheskie struktury rechi (The linguistic and psycholinguistic structures of speech). MOSCOW, 1985.

Frumkina R.M. “Interpretation of senses: indicators and integrity” (“Interpretatsiya smyslov: priznaki i tselostnosti”). Semantika i kategorizatsiya (Semantics and categorization). MOSCOW, 1991.

Frumkina R.M. Sense and resemblance (Smysl i skhodstvo). Vestnik yazykoznaniya (Linguistics bulletin), no. 1, 1985.

Kholodnaya M.A. “Cognitive styles” (“Kognitivnye stili”). O prirode individual'nogo uma (On the nature of individual mind). Saint Petersburg, 2004.

Shpengler O. Zakat Evropy (Spengler O. The dawn of Europe). Moscow, 1993.

Full Text: