BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH, BUT NOT BASIC AND APPLIED SCIENCES

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Fundamental'nye i prikladnye issledovaniya, a ne fundamental'nye i prikladnye nauki
Author(s): 
Vitaly Gorokhov
Department of Interdisciplinary Problems in the Advancement of Science and Technology, Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Issue number: 
No. 2 (Vol. 40)
Pages: 
19-28
Abstract: 

The article starts the panel discussion with a statement that the traditional division of sciences in fundamental and applied is wrong and misleading. According to the proposed argument, this division results in qualifying technical sciences as fully applied disciplines which is far from being correct. Technical sciences, just like natural sciences, are claimed to contain technical theories. And because a technically prepared experiment plays such an important role in natural science, it is argued that the aforementioned division should concern fundamental and applied research that can take place in natural sciences as well as in technical sciences, the humanities and social disciplines. This division is argued to gain importance when applied research receives priviliged financing. The author brings illustrations of the damage experienced by specialized science in contemporary Russia as justification for his thesis.

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