REDUCTIONISM AS A PROBLEM OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND EPISTEMOLOGY

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Transliteration of original Title: 
Reduktsionizm kak problema filosofii nauki i epistemologii
Author(s): 
Lyudmila Mikeshina
Moscow Pedagogical State University
Issue number: 
No. 3 (Vol. 37)
Pages: 
5-13
Abstract: 

The article presents a general overview of logical and philosophical discussions of reductionism in the XX century by such philosophers as E. Nagel, P. Feuerabend, R. Karnap, K. Hempel, V. Sadovski, S. Averintsev and many others. The author argues that today these discussions can still be used very fruitfully in social and humanitarian epistemology and in the analysis of contemporary philosophical issues in technoscience.

Keywords: 
reductionism, history of philosophy, methodology of social and natural sciences
References: 

Arshinov V.I. “Reductionism” (“Reduktsionizm”). Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya. (New philosophical encyclopedia). Vol. 3. MOSCOW, 2001, pp. 430-431.

Averintsev S.S. “Literary theories in a medieval type of culture” (“Literaturnye teorii v sostave srednevekovogo tipa kul'tury”). Averintsev S.S. Ritorika i istoki evropeyskoy literaturnoy traditsii (Rhetorics and the origins of the European literary tradition). MOSCOW, 1996.

Bunge M. Filosofiya fiziki (Philosophy of physics). Moscow, 1975.

Feyerabend P. “Explanation, reduction and empiricism” (“Ob"yasnenie, reduktsiya i empirizm”). Feyerabend P. Izbrannye trudy po metodologii nauki (Feyerabend P. Selected works in methodology of science). MOSCOW, 1986.

Nagel E. The Structure of Science. N.Y. 1961.

Nikitin E.P. Ob"yasnenie - funktsiya nauki (Explanation – the function of science). Moscow, 1970.

Ruzavin G.I. Nauchnaya teoriya. Logiko-metodologicheskiy analiz (Logical theory: a logico-methodological analysis). MOSCOW, 1978. 

Sadovskiy V.N. “Logico-methodological analysis of the ‘general theory of systems’” (“Logiko-metodologicheskiy analiz «obshchey teorii sistem»”). L.fon Bertalanfi. Problemy metodologii sistemnogo issledovaniya. MOSCOW, 1970.

Sadovskiy V.N. Models of scientific knowledge and their philosophical interpretation (Modeli nauchnogo znaniya i ikh filosofskie interpretatsii). Voprosy filosofii, 1983, no. 6.

Sadovskiy V.N. Philosophy of science of the XXI century: what is worth taking from the XX century philosophy of science and what needs to be abandoned (Filosofiya nauki XXI veka: chto tselesoobrazno zaimstvovat' iz filosofii nauki XX veka i ot chego sleduet otkazat'sya). Sistemnye  issledovaniya. Metodologicheskie problemy. Ezhegodnik 2001.

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